All Information about Vomiting – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Vomiting is characterized by episodes of acute vomiting that have no possible reason. Events can continue for hours or days and alternate with symptom-free periods. Episodes are similar, meaning that they tend to begin at the same time of day, last the same length of time, and happen with the same symptoms and intensity. Vomiting happens in all age groups, though vomiting sometimes starts in children around three to seven years old. Although vomiting is more prevalent in children, Many cases of vomiting diagnosed in adults are progressing. The situation is tough to diagnose because vomiting is a symptom of many sicknesses. Treatment of vomiting sometimes includes lifestyle changes to assist in preventing the events that can stimulate vomiting episodes. Medicines, including anti-nausea and migraine therapies, may contribute to lessening symptoms of vomiting.

Vomiting Symptoms

The symptoms of vomiting sometimes start in the morning. Signs and symptoms include:

1) Three or more recurrent episodes of vomiting that begin around the same time and continue for a similar length of time
2) Varying intervals of typically normal health without nausea between episodes
3) Intense nausea and sweating before an event begins

Other signs and symptoms of vomiting episode may involve:

1) Abdominal pain
2) Diarrhea problem
3) Dizziness disorder
4) Sensitivity to light
5) Headache
6) Retching or gagging

Causes of Vomiting

The underlying cause of vomiting is not known. Some possible reasons include genes, digestive problems, nervous system problems, and hormone imbalances. Particular causes of vomiting may be stimulated by:

1) Colds, allergies or sinus problems
2) Emotional stress or excitement, mainly in children
3) Anxiety or Panic attacks disorder, mostly in adults
4) Particular foods and drinks, like alcohol, caffeine, chocolate or cheese
5) Overeating, eating right before going to bed or fasting
6) Hot weather
7) Physical exhaustion
8) Too much exercise
9) Menstruation problem
10) Motion sickness

Identifying the triggers for vomiting episodes may assist with controlling vomiting causes.

Vomiting Complications

Vomiting complications include the following

1) Dehydration: Excessive vomiting makes the body to lose water quickly. Severe cases of dehydration problems may require to be treated in the hospital.
2) Injury to the food tube: The stomach acid that comes up with the vomit can injure the pipe that links the mouth and stomach. Often the esophagus becomes so irritated it bleeds.
3) Tooth decay: The acid in vomit can corrode tooth enamel and causes tooth decay problem

Diagnosis of Vomiting

Vomiting can be complicated for diagnosing. There is no particular test to ensure the diagnosis of vomiting, and vomiting is a sign of many situations that must be figured out first. The doctor will begin by asking about the child’s or your medical history and arranging a physical test. The doctor will also want to know about the pattern of symptoms that you or your child feels. After that, the doctor may suggest a few tests for the diagnosis of vomiting.

1) Imaging studies like endoscopy, ultrasound or a CT scan to monitor for blockages in the digestive system or signs of other digestive conditions
2) Motility tests to check the movement of food through the digestive system and to watch for digestive disorders
3) Laboratory tests to identify thyroid problems and other metabolic conditions

Vomiting Treatment

There is no cure for vomiting, though many children no longer have vomiting episodes by the time they reach adulthood. For those feeling vomiting, the treatment of vomiting aims at managing the signs and symptoms. You or your child may be prescribed:

1) Anti-nausea drugs
2) Pain-relieving medicines
3) Medicines that suppress stomach acid
4) Antidepressants
5) Anti-seizure medicines

The same types of medications used for migraines can often assist in stopping or even preventing episodes of vomiting. These medicines may be suggested for people whose events are frequent and long-lasting, or for people with a family history of migraine. Special fluid may need to be provided to prevent dehydration problems. Treatment of vomiting is individualized depends on the severity and duration of symptoms, as well as the presence of the issues.

Prevention of Vomiting

Many people know what stimulates their vomiting. Avoiding those triggers can minimize the frequency of episodes. While you may experience well between events, it is very significant to take medicines as prescribed by the doctor for the prevention of vomiting. If vomiting happens more than once a month or needs hospitalization, the doctor may suggest preventive medicine. Lifestyle changes also may assist in the prevention of vomiting, including:

1) Getting enough sleep
2) For children, downplaying the significance of upcoming events because excitement can be a stimulator
3) Avoiding trigger foods, like alcohol, caffeine, cheese, and chocolate
4) Consuming small meals and low-fat snacks daily at scheduled times

Updated: February 1, 2020 — 11:32 am

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