Knowledge about Urinary Tract Infection – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any area of the urinary system, the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Most urinary tract infection infections include the lower urinary tract in the bladder and the urethra. Women are at a higher chance of growing a urinary tract infection than are men. Urinary tract infection confined to the bladder can be painful and annoying. However, severe consequences can happen if a urinary tract infection expands to the kidneys. Doctors usually treat urinary tract infections with antibiotics. But you can take steps to minimize the risks of getting a urinary tract infection in the first place.

Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary tract infections symptoms do not always come, but when they do they may contain:

1) A strong, persistent urge to urinate
2) A burning sensation when urinating
3) Passing frequent, small quantity of urine
4) Urine that comes cloudy
5) Urine that comes red, bright pink or cola-colored, a sign of blood in the urine
6) Strong-smelling urine
7) Pelvic pain, in women particularly in the center of the pelvis and around the area of the pubic bone
UTIs may be overlooked or mistaken for other situations in older adults.

Urinary Tract Infection Causes

Urinary tract infections cause when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and start to multiply in the bladder. Although the urinary system is designed to keep out such microscopic invaders, these defenses often fail. When that occurs, bacteria may take hold and grow into a full-blown infection in the urinary tract. The most popular urinary tract infection causes mainly in women and influences the bladder and urethra.

1) Cystitis disease
2) Urethritis disease

Complications of Urinary Tract Infection

When treated immediately and properly, lead to complications of urinary tract infection. But left untreated, a urinary tract infection can have severe consequences. Complications of urinary tract infection may contain:

1) Recurrent infections, particularly in women who feel two or more UTIs in six months or four or more within a year.
2) Permanent kidney damage from acute or chronic kidney infection due to an untreated UTI.
3) Increased chance in pregnant women of delivering low birth weight or premature infants.
4) Urethral narrowing in men from recurrent urethritis, previously seen with gonococcal urethritis.
5) Sepsis, a potentially life-threatening complication of an infection, mainly if the infection works its way up the urinary tract to the kidneys.

Urinary Tract Infection Diagnosis

Tests and processes used for the diagnosis of urinary tract infections involve:

1) Analyze a urine sample
2) Growing urinary  tract bacteria in a lab
3) Creating images of the urinary tract
4) Using a scope to see the inside of the bladder

Treatment of Urinary Tract Infection

Antibiotics typically are the first-line treatment of urinary tract infections. Which medicines are prescribed and for how long depending on the health condition and the type of bacteria found in the urine for the treatment of urinary tract infection.

Urinary Tract Infection Prevention

You can take these steps to prevent urinary tract infections. They are discussed below

1) Drink plenty of water daily: Drinking water helps to dilute the urine and confirms that you will urinate more frequently, permitting bacteria to be flushed from the urinary tract before an infection can start.
2) Drink cranberry juice: Although studies are not proved that cranberry juice prevents Urinary tract infections, it is likely not harmful.
3) Wipe from front to back: Doing so after urinating and after a stool movement assists in preventing bacteria in the anal region from expanding to the vagina and urethra.
4) Empty the bladder soon after intercourse: Also, drink a full glass of water to assist flush bacteria.
5) Avoid feminine products: Applying deodorant sprays or other feminine products, like douches and powders, in the genital area can irritate the urethra.
6) Change the birth control method: Diaphragms, or unlubricated or spermicide-treated condoms, can all stimulate bacterial growth.

Updated: January 20, 2020 — 11:09 am

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