Tinnitus is the perception of noise or ringing in the ears. A common problem, tinnitus influences about 15 to 20 percent of people. Tinnitus is not a situation itself. Tinnitus is a symptom of an underlying condition, like age-related hearing loss, ear injury, or a circulatory system disorder. Although bothersome, tinnitus typically is not a sign of something serious. Although tinnitus can worsen with age, for many people, tinnitus can develop with the treatment of tinnitus. Treating an identified underlying reason often helps. Other treatments minimize or mask the noise, causing tinnitus less noticeable.
Tinnitus includes the sensation of hearing sound when no external sound is present. Tinnitus symptoms may consist of these kinds of phantom noises in the ears:
The phantom sound may differ in pitch from a low roar to a high squeal, and you may hear it in one or both ears. In some cases, the sound can be so loud it can bother with the ability to concentrate or hear an external sound. Tinnitus symptoms may be present all the time, or it may appear and go away.
Types of Tinnitus
There are two kinds of tinnitus disease. They are discussed below
1) Subjective tinnitus is tinnitus only you can hear. This is the most prevalent type of tinnitus. It can be created by ear problems in the outer, middle, or inner ear. It can also be made by issues with the hearing nerves or the area of the brain that interprets nerve signals as sound.
2) Objective tinnitus is tinnitus the doctor can hear when he or she does a test. This rare type of tinnitus may be created by a blood vessel complication, a middle ear bone situation, or muscle contractions.
Causes of Tinnitus
Many health conditions can cause tinnitus. In many cases, an exact cause is not found. A prevalent cause of tinnitus is inner ear hair cell damage. Tiny, delicate hairs in the hidden ear switch about the pressure of sound waves. This stimulates cells to release an electrical signal through a nerve from the ear to the brain. The brain interprets these signals as sound. If the hairs inside the inner ear are bent or broken, they can “leak” random electrical impulses to the brain, causing tinnitus. Other causes of tinnitus involve other ear problems, chronic health conditions, and injuries or situations that influence the nerves in the ear or the hearing center in the brain
1) Age-related hearing loss
2) Expose to loud noise
3) Earwax block
4) Changes of earbone
5) TMJ disorder
6) Head injuries or neck injuries
7) Muscle spasms in the inner ear
Tinnitus can importantly influence the quality of life. Although it affects people differently, if you have tinnitus complications, you may also feel:
Treating these linked conditions may not influence tinnitus directly, but it can help you feel better.
Diagnosis of Tinnitus
The doctor will test the ears, head, and neck to look for possible diagnosis of tinnitus. Tests involve:
1) Hearing test
3) Imaging test
7) Low pitched ringing
8) High pitched ringing
9) Other sounds
In maximum cases, the diagnosis of tinnitus is never found. The doctor can discuss with you steps you can take to minimize the severity of the tinnitus or to assist you to cope better with the noise.
For the treatment of tinnitus, the doctor will first try to check any underlying, treatable condition that may be related to the symptoms. If tinnitus treatment is due to a health condition, the doctor may be able to take steps that could minimize the noise. Examples include:
1) Noise suppression
Prevention of Tinnitus
In maximum cases, the prevention of tinnitus is the output of something that can not be prevented. However, some precautions can assist in preventing certain kinds of tinnitus.
1) Use hearing protection
2) Turn down the volume
3) Take care of cardiovascular health