Thyroid cancer is a Kind of cancer that Influences the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is a division of the endocrine system. Thyroid cancer happens in the cells of the Thyroid. The Thyroid makes hormones that regulate heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and weight. The Prevalent symptom of cancer of the thyroid is a painless swelling that grows in the neck. The thyroid produces the hormone thyroxine, which assists the body balance. Thyroid cancer can be controlled with treatment.
Types of thyroid cancer include –
> Papillary thyroid cancer.
> Follicular thyroid cancer
> Anaplastic thyroid cancer
> Medullary thyroid cancer
> Thyroid lymphoma
Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer –
Thyroid cancer usually does not create symptoms early in the disease. As thyroid cancer develops,, the few symptoms may happen –
> Problem in swallowing
> Pain In neck and throat
> Lump in the Throat
> Sore throat
Thyroid Cancer Causes –
Thyroid cancer happens when cells in thyroid go through genetic changes. The accumulating abnormal thyroid cells shape a tumor. The abnormal cells can seize nearby tissue and can outspread all around the body.
Diagnosis of Thyroid Cancer -Â
The outcome of a physical Test can disclose the present of thyroid cancer. Tests and methods applied to diagnose thyroid cancer include –
> Physical Test – The Doctor will inspect for physical changes in the thyroid.
> Blood Tests – Blood tests assist in understanding if the thyroid gland is usually functioning.
> A Thyroid Biopsy
> A Thyroid Scan
> Imaging Test – MRI, CT Scan
> Genetic Test
Thyroid Cancer Treatment -Â
Thyroid cancer treatment options depend on the type and stage of thyroid cancer, overall health, and choices. Maximum cases of thyroid cancer can be controlled with Treatment. Treatment includes –
> Surgery – Surgery can help to erase lymph nodes in the neck and a portion of the thyroid.
> Thyroid Hormone Therapy
> Radioactive Iodine
> Radiation Therapy
> Targeted Medicine Therapy
Risk Factor of Thyroid Cancer -Â
The Risk Factors of Thyroid cancer include –
> Thyroid cancer happens more frequently in women than in men.
> Vulnerability to a high quantity of radiation.
> Specific inherited genetic syndromes.
Prevention of Thyroid Cancer -Â
The cause of thyroid cancer is not understood in maximum cases. Talk to the doctor if any family has a history of this type of thyroid cancer. The doctor can mention to a genetic counselor who can understand how probable are to thyroid cancer. Prevention for people with a high risk. Prevention for people near nuclear power plants.