Study about Testicular Cancer – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Testicular cancer happens in the testicles or testes, which are situated inside the scrotum, a loose bag of skin below the penis. The testicles generate male sex hormones and sperm for reproduction. Compared with other types of cancer disease, testicular cancer is rare. But testicular cancer is the most prevalent cancer in American males between the ages of 15 and 35. Testicular cancer is highly treatable, even when cancer has expanded beyond the testicle. Based on the type and stage of testicular cancer, you may get one of many treatments or a combination of both for testicular cancer.

Symptoms of Testicular Cancer

Cancer typically affects only one testicle. Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer involve:

1) A lump or enlargement in either testicle
2) A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
3) A dull ache in the abdomen or groin
4) A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
5) Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum
6) Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
7) Back pain

Testicular Cancer Causes

It is unclear what causes of testicular cancer in most cases. Doctors know that testicular cancer causes when healthy cells in a testicle become altered. Healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly way to stay the body acting normally. But often some cells promote abnormalities, making this growth to get out of control these cancer cells continue dividing even when new cells are not required. The accumulating cells form a mass in the testicle. Nearly all testicular cancer causes start in the germ cells. The cells in the testes that generate immature sperm. What causes germ cells to become abnormal and develop into cancer is unknown.

Diagnosis of Testicular Cancer

In some cases, men discover the diagnosis of testicular cancer themselves, either unintentionally or while doing a testicular self-examination to check for lumps. In other cases, the doctor may identify a piece during a routine physical test. To understand whether a chunk is testicular cancer, the doctor may suggest:

1) Ultrasonography
2) Blood examine
3) Surgery to eliminate testicle

Testicular Cancer Treatment

The choices for the treatment of testicular cancer based on many factors, including the type and stage of cancer, the overall health, and your own decisions.

1) Surgery: If surgery is the only treatment of testicular cancer, the doctor will advice a schedule of follow-up appointments. At these appointments, typically every few months for the first few years and then less frequently after that, you will undergo blood examines, CT scans, and other procedures to identify for signs that cancer has come back.
2) Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-powered energy beams, like X-rays, to destroy cancer cells. During radiation therapy, you are positioned on a table, and a large machine moves around you, aiming the energy beams at precise points on the body. Radiation therapy is a treatment option that is often used in people who have the seminoma type of testicular cancer. Radiation therapy may be suggested after surgery to omit the testicle. Side effects may involve nausea and fatigue discomfort, and skin redness and irritation in the abdominal and groin areas. Radiation therapy is also likely to temporarily decrease sperm counts and may impact fertility in some men. Consult the doctor about the choices for preserving the sperm before starting radiation therapy.
3) Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy treatment uses medicines to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy medicines visit throughout the body to destroy cancer cells that may have migrated from the original tumor. Chemotherapy may be the only treatment, or it may be suggested before or after lymph node omitting surgery.
Side effects of chemotherapy based on the particular drugs being used. Consult the doctor what to expect. Common side effects include fatigue, nausea, hair loss, and an increased risk of infection. There are medicines and treatments available that minimize some of the side effects of chemotherapy. Chemotherapy may also produce infertility in some men, which can be permanent in some cases. Consult the doctor about the choices for preserving the sperm before starting chemotherapy.

Prevention of Testicular Cancer

There is no way for the prevention of testicular cancer. Some doctors suggest daily testicle self-examinations to detect testicular cancer at its earliest stage. But not all doctors agree. Discuss testicular self-examination with the doctor if you are not sure about whether it is right for you. In this way, you can manage the prevention of testicular cancer.

Updated: January 15, 2020 — 4:14 pm

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