Information about Swollen Lymph Nodes – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Swollen lymph nodes typically happen as an output of infection from bacteria or viruses. Occasionally, swollen lymph nodes are created by cancer. The lymph nodes, also known as lymph glands, play a vital role in the body’s ability to fight off infections. They play as filters, trapping viruses, bacteria, and other causes of illnesses before they can affect many parts of the body. Accessible areas where you might notice swollen lymph nodes involve the neck, under the chin, in the armpits, and in the groin. In some cases, the period and warm compresses may be all you require to treat swollen lymph nodes. If an infection makes swollen lymph nodes, treatment depends on the cause of swollen lymph nodes.

Symptoms of Swollen Lymph Nodes

The lymphatic system is a network of organs, vessels, and lymph nodes located throughout the body. Many lymph nodes are situated in the head and neck area. Lymph nodes that frequently swell are in this area, as well as in the armpits and groin area. Swollen lymph nodes symptoms are a sign that something is wrong somewhere in the body. When the lymph nodes first swell, you might notice:

1) Tenderness and pain in the lymph nodes
2) Expanding that maybe the size of a pea or kidney bean, or even more abundant in the lymph nodes

Based on the cause of the swollen lymph nodes, other signs and symptoms of swollen lymph nodes you might have include:

1) Runny nose, sore throat, fever and other indications of an upper respiratory infection
2) General swelling of lymph nodes throughout the body. When this happens, it may indicate an infection, like HIV/AIDS disease or mononucleosis, or an immune system disorder, like lupus or rheumatoid arthritis
3) Hard, fixed, rapidly growing nodes, indicating possible cancer or lymphoma
4) Fever
5) Night sweats

Swollen Lymph Nodes Causes

Lymph nodes are small, round, or bean-shaped clusters of cells. Inside lymph nodes are a combination of various types of immune system cells. These specialized cells filter the lymphatic fluid as it visits through the body and protects you by killing invaders. Lymph nodes are positioned in groups, and each group drains a particular area of the body. You may be more likely to observe swelling in certain areas, like in the lymph nodes in the neck, under the chin, in the armpits, and in the groin. The site of the swollen lymph nodes may assist in identifying the underlying cause. The most prevalent cause of swollen lymph nodes is an infection, particularly a viral infection, like the common cold. Other possible causes of swollen lymph nodes contain:

1) Strep throat
2) Measles Disease
3) Ear infections
4) Infected tooth
5) Mononucleosis
6) Skin or wound infections, like Cellulitis disease
7) HIV/AIDS disease
8) Tuberculosis disease
9) Syphilis disease

Swollen Lymph Nodes Complications

If the infection is the complication of the swollen lymph nodes and is not treated, an abscess may form. Abscesses are localized collections of pus created by infections. Discharge includes fluid, white blood cells, dead tissue, and bacteria, or other invaders. An abscess may need drainage and antibiotic treatment.

Diagnosis of Swollen Lymph Nodes

For the diagnose of the swollen lymph nodes, the doctor may require:

1) Medical history
2) A Physical test
3) Blood examine
4) Lymph node biopsy
5) Imaging studies

Swollen Lymph Nodes Treatment

Treatment of swollen lymph nodes caused by a virus typically comes back to normal after the viral infection resolves. Antibiotics are not useful for the treatment of viral infections. Treatment of swollen lymph nodes from other causes based on the reason:

1) Infection: The most popular treatment for swollen lymph nodes caused by a bacterial infection is antibiotics. If the swollen lymph nodes are due to an HIV infection, you will get particular treatment for that situation.
2) Immune disorder: If the swollen lymph nodes are an outcome of specific cases, like lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, treatment is directed at the underlying situation.
3) Cancer disease: Swollen nodes created by cancer need treatment for cancer. Based on the type of cancer, treatment may include surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy.

Updated: January 16, 2020 — 1:39 pm

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