Details about Stomach Ulcer – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Peptic ulcers or stomach ulcers are open sores that arise on the inside lining of the stomach and the upper portion of the small intestine. The most famous symptom of a stomach ulcer is a stomach pain. Stomach ulcers involve gastric ulcers that arise on the inside of the stomach, duodenal ulcers that arise on the inside of the upper portion of the small intestine. Stress and spicy foods do not create stomach ulcers. However, they can make the symptoms of stomach ulcers worse.

Symptoms of Stomach Ulcer

1) Burning stomach pain
2) Feeling of fullness, bloating or belching
3) Fatty food intolerance
4) Heartburn
5) Nausea

The most popular stomach ulcer symptom is burning stomach pain. Stomach acid creates the pain worse, as does having an empty stomach. The pain can sometimes be relieved by consuming specific foods that buffer stomach acid or by taking an acid-reducing medicine, but then it may return. The pain may be worsened between meals and at night. Nearly three-quarters of people with stomach ulcers symptoms. Less often, ulcers may create chronic signs or symptoms of stomach ulcer-like:

1) Vomiting or vomiting blood which may come red or black
2) Dark blood in stools
3) Shortness of breath
4) Feeling faint
5) Nausea or vomiting
6) Unexplained weight loss
7) Appetite changes

Stomach Ulcer Causes

Stomach ulcers cause arise when acid in the digestive tract consumes at the inner surface of the stomach or small intestine. The acid can make a painful open sore that may bleed. The digestive tract is coated with a mucous layer that typically protects against acid. But if the amount of acid is progressive or the amount of mucus is reduced, you could promote an ulcer. Common causes of stomach ulcers include:

1) A bacteria
2) Daily use of certain pain relievers
3) Other medicines

Complications of Stomach Ulcer

If untreated complications of stomach ulcer involve the following

1) Internal bleeding: Bleeding can happen as slow blood loss that generates to anemia disease or as chronic blood loss that may need hospitalization or a blood transfusion. Chronic blood loss may make black or bloody vomit or black or bloody stools.
2) Infection: Stomach ulcers can eat a hole through the wall of the stomach or small intestine, putting you at risk of chronic infection of the abdominal cavity.
3) Obstruction: Stomach ulcers can block the passage of food through the digestive tract, making you full quickly, to vomit, and to lose weight through either swelling from inflammation or scarring.

Stomach Ulcer Diagnosis

For the diagnosis of a stomach ulcer, the doctor may first take a medical history and does a physical test. You then may require to undergo diagnostic tests, such as:

1) Laboratory exams for H. pylori.
2) Endoscopy
3) Upper gastrointestinal series

Treatments of Stomach Ulcer

Treatment of stomach ulcers based on the cause. Typically treatment will involve killing the H. pylori bacterium, if present, removing or minimizing the use of NSAIDs, if possible, and helping the ulcer to heal with medicine. Medicines can involve for the treatments of stomach ulcers

1) Antibiotic medication to kill H. pylori.
2) Medicines that block acid production and promote healing
3) Drugs to minimize acid production
4) Antacids that neutralize the acid of the stomach
5) Medicines that protect the lining of the stomach and small intestine

Prevention of Stomach Ulcer

You may minimize the chance of stomach ulcers if you follow the same procedures suggested as home remedies to treat ulcers. It may also be beneficial to:

1) Protect yourself from infection: It is not clear just how H. pylori expand, but there is some proof that it could be transferred from person to person or through food and water. You can take steps to protect yourself from infections, like H. pylori, by frequently washing the hands with soap and water and by consuming foods that have been cooked thoroughly.
2) Use caution with pain relievers: If you daily use pain relievers that enhance the risk of stomach ulcers or peptic ulcers, take steps to minimize the risk of stomach problems. For instance, consider medicine with meals. Work with the doctor to search the lowest dose possible that still gives you pain relief. Avoid drinking alcohol when taking medicine, since the two can combine to enhance the risk of stomach upset.

Updated: January 11, 2020 — 11:40 am

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