Soft tissue sarcoma is a rare type of cancer disease that starts in the tissues that connect, support, and around other body structures. This involves muscle, fat, blood vessels, nerves, tendons, and the lining of the joints. More than fifty subtypes of soft tissue sarcoma exist. Some types are more likely to influence children, while others change most adults. These tumors can be tough to diagnose because they may be mistaken for many other types of growth. Soft tissue sarcoma can happen anywhere in the body, but the most prevalent types happen in the arms and legs, and in the abdomen. Surgical removal is the most comprehensive treatment of Soft tissue sarcoma. However, radiation and chemotherapy also may be suggested based on the size, type, location, and aggressiveness of the tumor for the treatment of Soft tissue sarcoma.
Symptoms of Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Soft tissue sarcoma symptoms may not happen in its early stages. As the tumor grows, it may cause:
1) A noticeable lump or swelling
2) Pain, if a tumor presses on nerves or muscles
Soft Tissue Sarcoma Causes
In most cases, it is unclear what causes soft tissue sarcoma. In general, cancer happens when cells develop errors in their DNA. The mistakes make cells increase and divide out of control. The accumulating abnormal cells form a tumor that can extend to invade nearby structures, and the abnormal cells can expand to other areas of the body. The type of cell that grows the genetic mutation understands what kind of soft tissue sarcoma causes you to have. For example, angiosarcoma starts in the lining of blood vessels, while liposarcoma begins from fat cells.
Types of Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Some types of soft tissue sarcoma contain the following
2) Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans
3) Epithelioid sarcoma
4) Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST)
5) Kaposi’s sarcoma
8) Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor
11) Solitary fibrous tumor
12) Synovial sarcoma
13) Undifferentiated (pleomorphic sarcoma)
Soft Tissue Sarcoma Diagnosis
Because there are so many various types of soft tissue sarcoma, it is significant to understand the exact nature of each tumor so that the best treatments can be chosen. And the diagnosis of soft tissue sarcoma will be easy.
1) Imaging test:Â There are various types of soft tissue sarcoma include X-ray, CT Scan, MRI, and Positron emission tomography (PET)
2) Biopsy:Â If a soft tissue sarcoma is suspected, it is sometimes best to seek care at a medical center that sees many people with this type of cancer. Experienced doctors will choose the best biopsy technique to confirm proper surgical treatment and planning. Options involve:
a) Core needle biopsy: Tiny tubes of tumor material can be collected by this method. Doctors generally try to take samples from many sections of the tumor.
b) Surgical biopsy: In some cases, the doctor might suggest surgery to get a larger sample of tissue or to simply omit a small tumor entirely.
In the lab, a doctor trained in analyzing body tissues examines the tissue sample for signs of cancer. The pathologist also analyzes the sample to determine the type of cancer and to understand whether the cancer is aggressive.
Treatment of Soft Tissue Sarcoma
The treatment of soft tissue sarcoma will depend on the size, type, and location of the tumor.
1) Surgery:Â Surgery is a popular treatment for soft tissue sarcoma. Surgery typically involves omitting cancer and some healthy tissue around it. When soft tissue sarcoma influences the arms and legs, radiation and chemotherapy may be applied to shrink the tumor to avoid amputation.
2) Radiation therapy:Â Radiation therapy includes treating cancer with high-powered beams of energy.
3) Chemotherapy:Â Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that uses chemicals to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be administered by pill or through a vein. Some types of soft tissue sarcoma respond better to chemotherapy than do others. For instance, chemotherapy is sometimes used to treat rhabdomyosarcoma.