Knowledge about Psoriasis – Symptoms, Types, Diagnosis & Treatment

Psoriasis is a skin disorder that causes skin cells to multiply 10 times faster than usual. This disease makes the skin building up into bumpy red patches covered with white scales. They can increase anywhere, but mostly come on the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back. Psoriasis does not pass from person to person. It sometimes occurs in family members of the same family.
Psoriasis generally comes in early adulthood. For most people, it hits just a few areas. In chronic cases, psoriasis can spread large parts of the body. The patches can heal and then return throughout the life of a person.

What are the Symptoms of Psoriasis?

The symptoms of psoriasis vary on the type you suffer. Some common symptoms of plaque psoriasis are the most common variety of the condition — include:

1) Plaques of red skin are covered with silver-colored scales. These plaques are itchy and painful, and sometimes they crack and bleed. In chronic cases, the plaques will grow and merge. It covers large areas in the body.
2) The fingernails and toenails disorder, including discoloration and pitting of the nails. The nails also crumble or detach from the nail bed.
3) Plaques of scales or crust on the scalp.

People are suffering from Psoriasis can also experience a type of arthritis called Psoriatic arthritis. It creates pain and swelling in the joints. The National Psoriasis Foundation estimates that between 10% to 30% of people suffering psoriasis also suffer psoriatic arthritis.

What are the different types of Psoriasis?

1) Pustular Psoriasis: This causes red and scaly skin with tiny pustules on the palm hands and feet soles.
2) Guttate psoriasis: It often starts in childhood or young age, causes small, red spots, mainly on the torso and limbs. Triggers might be respiratory infections, strep throat, tonsillitis, stress, injury of the skin, and taking antimalarial and beta-blocker medications.
3) Inverse Psoriasis: This causes bright red, shiny lesions that appear in skin folds, like the armpits, groin, and under the breasts.
4) Erythrodermic Psoriasis: This makes fiery redness of the skin and shedding of scales in sheets. It is triggered by chronic sunburn, infections, certain medications, and stopping some kinds of psoriasis treatment. It must be treated immediately because it leads to severe illness.

What causes Psoriasis?

Nobody knows the cause of psoriasis, but experts believe that it is a combination of things. Something wrong with the immune system causes inflammation, triggering new skin cells forming so quickly. Generally, skin cells are replaced every 10 to 30 days. With psoriasis, new cells grow up every 3 to 4 days. They grow up of old cells replacing by new ones that create those silver scales.
Psoriasis tends to run in families, but it may skip generations. For instance, a grandfather and his grandson are affected, but not the mother of a child.
The things that are inclusive of psoriasis

1) Cuts, scrapes, or surgery
2) Emotional stress
3) Strep infections
4) Medications
5) Blood pressure medications

What is the diagnosis procedure of Psoriasis?

1) Physical Exam: It is easy for a doctor to diagnosis psoriasis at a physical level to looking externally like
a) Scalp
b) Ears
c) Elbows
d) Knees
e) Belly button
f) Nails

2) Lab Tests: The doctor may transfer the patient doing a biopsy — to remove a small piece of skin and test to ensure you don’t have a skin infection. There’s no other test for confirming or rule out psoriasis.

What is the treatment of Psoriasis?

There are many treatments. Some reduce the growth of new skin cells, and others relieve from itching and dry skin. Your doctor will select a treatment strategy that is applicable for you depends on the size of your rash, where it is on your body, your age, your overall health, and other things. Common treatments include:

1) Steroid cream
2) Use of moisturizers for dry skin
3) Coal tar
4) Cream or ointment
5) Retinoid cream

Treatments of Psoriasis from moderate to severe level include

1) Light Therapy
2) Methotrexate
3) Retinoids
4) An enzyme inhibitor

Is there any cure of Psoriasis?

There is no cure psoriasis, but treatment dramatically reduces symptoms, even in dangerous conditions. Recent studies have suggested that when you control the inflammation of psoriasis well, your risk of heart disease, stroke, metabolic syndrome, and other diseases associated with inflammation automatically will go away.

What is Psoriasis Statistics?

1) 2%-3% of people throughout the world suffer in Psoriasis
2) Around 2.2% of people in the United States affect
3)  Worldwide, psoriasis is the most common disease generally seen in northern European and least common in eastern Asia.

Updated: January 7, 2020 — 12:37 pm

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