Study of Piles – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Hemorrhoids are also called piles, Piles are swollen veins in your anus and lower rectum, same as varicose veins. Hemorrhoids can promote inside the rectum (internal hemorrhoids) or under the skin around the anus (external hemorrhoids). Near about three out of four adults will have hemorrhoids over time. Hemorrhoids have several reasons, but sometimes the cause is unknown.
Fortunately, valid options are available to treat hemorrhoids. Many people get relief with home treatments and lifestyle changes.

What are the symptoms that arise in Piles?

1) External Hemorrhoids: These are under the skin around your anus. Signs and symptoms include:

1) Itching or irritation in your anal area
2) Pain or discomfort
3) Swelling around your anus
4) Bleeding

2) Internal Hemorrhoids:

Internal hemorrhoids stay inside the rectum. You generally can’t see or feel them, and they rarely make discomfort. But straining or irritation when passing stool can occur:

Painless bleeding during bowel movements. You might observe small amounts of bright red blood on your toilet tissue or in the toilet.
Hemorrhoid to put through the anal opening (prolapsed or protruding hemorrhoid), resulting in pain and irritation.

3) Thrombosed Hemorrhoids: If blood pools in external hemorrhoid and creates a clot (thrombus), it can result in:

1) Chronic pain
2) Swelling
3) Inflammation
4) A hard lump near your anus

When you should go to the doctor’s for piles?

If you notice bleeding during bowel movements or you have hemorrhoids that don’t develop after a week of home care, consult your doctor. Don’t assume rectal bleeding is due to hemorrhoids, particularly if you have changes in bowel habits or if the color of your stools or consistency. Rectal bleeding can arise with other diseases, including colorectal cancer and anal cancer. Seek emergency care if you have significant amounts of rectal bleeding, lightheadedness, dizziness, or faintness.

What are the causes of Piles?

The veins around the anus tend to wide under stress and may bulge or swell. Hemorrhoids can promote from increased pressure in the lower rectum due to:

1) Straining during bowel pass
2) Sitting for long periods on the toilet
3) Having chronic diarrhea or constipation
4) Being obese
5) Being pregnant
6) Having anal intercourse
7) Eating a low-fiber diet
8) Daily heavy lifting

What are the risk factors associated with Piles?

As your age increase, your risk of hemorrhoids also high. That’s because the tissues that support the veins in your rectum and anus can weaken and wide. This can also occur when you’re pregnant because the baby’s weight creates pressure on the anal region.

What are the complications patients generally suffer in piles?

1) Anemia: Rarely, excess blood loss from hemorrhoids may make anemia, in which you don’t have sufficient healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen to your cells.
2) Strangulated hemorrhoid: If the blood supply to an internal hemorrhoid is cut off, hemorrhoids may be “strangulated,” which can create extreme pain.
3) Blood clot: Occasionally, a lump can make in hemorrhoid (thrombosed hemorrhoid). Although not dangerous, it can be very much painful and often needs to be lanced and drained.

What are the prevention strategies for Piles?

1) Eat high fiber foods: Intake more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Doing so softens the stool and produces its bulk, which will help you neglect the straining that can make hemorrhoids. Add fiber to your diet slowly to neglect problems with gas.
2) Drink plenty of fluids: Drink six to eight glasses of water and other liquids (not alcohol) per day to help stay stools soft.
3) Consume fiber supplements
4) Do not strain: Straining and keeping your breath when trying to carry a seat puts higher pressure in the veins in the lower rectum.
5) Go as soon as you feel an urge: If you wait to take a bowel movement and the call goes away, your stool could dry out and be more robust to forward.
6) Exercise: Stay active to help prevent constipation and to decrease pressure on veins, which can happen with long periods of standing or sitting. Exercise can also help you to lose excess weight that might be stimulating to your hemorrhoids.
7) Avoid a long time of sitting: Sitting so long, especially on the toilet, can develop the pressure on the veins in the anus.

What is the diagnosis procedure of Piles?

1) Digital examination: The doctor places a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum. He or she feels for anything unnatural, such as growths.
2) Visual inspection: Because internal hemorrhoids are sometimes too soft to be felt during a rectal exam, the doctor might test the lower portion of your colon and rectum with an anoscope, proctoscope, or sigmoidoscope.

The doctor wants to test the entire colon using a colonoscopy if

Your signs and symptoms indicate you might have another digestive system disease
You have risk factors for colorectal cancer
You are middle-aged and haven’t a recent colonoscopy

What are the treatments of Piles?

1) Home remedies
2) Medications
3) Surgical procedures

Updated: January 28, 2020 — 10:53 am

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