Peripheral neuropathy, an outcome of injury to the nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord, sometimes causes weakness, numbness, and pain, generally in the hands and feet. Peripheral neuropathy can also influence other parts of the body. The peripheral nervous system sends information from the brain and spinal cord, which is a central nervous system to the rest of the body. The peripheral nerves also send sensory information to the central nervous system. Peripheral neuropathy can output from traumatic injuries, infections, metabolic problems, inherited causes, and exposure to toxins. One of the most prevalent reasons is diabetes disease People with peripheral neuropathy typically explain the pain as stabbing, burning, or tingling. In many cases, symptoms of Peripheral neuropathy improve, mainly if caused by a treatable condition. Medicines can minimize the pain of peripheral neuropathy.
Symptoms of Peripheral Neuropathy
Every nerve in the peripheral system has a particular function, so symptoms of peripheral neuropathy based on the type of nerves affected. Nerves are classified into:
1) Sensory nerves that receive sensation, like temperature, pain, vibration or touch, from the skin
2) Motor nerves that manage muscle movement
3) Autonomic nerves that control functions like blood pressure, heart rate, digestion and bladder
Signs and symptoms of peripheral neuropathy might involve:
1) Extreme sensitivity to touch
2) Pain during activities that should not make pain, like pain in the feet when placing weight on them or when they are under a blanket
3) Lack of coordination and falling
4) Muscle weakness
5) Feeling as if you are wearing gloves or socks when you are not
6) Paralysis if motor nerves are influenced
If autonomic nerves are affected, signs and symptoms of Peripheral neuropathy might include:
1) Heat intolerance
2) Excessive sweating or not being able to sweat
3) Bowel, bladder or digestive problems
4) Changes in blood pressure, causing dizziness problem
Peripheral neuropathy can influence one nerve, two or more nerves in different areas, or many nerves. Carpal tunnel syndrome is an example of mononeuropathy. Most people with peripheral neuropathy have polyneuropathy.
Peripheral Neuropathy Causes
Not a single disease, peripheral neuropathy caused by many conditions. Health conditions that can cause peripheral neuropathy to involve:
1) Autoimmune diseases: These include Sjogren’s syndrome, lupus, Rheumatoid arthritis disease, Guillain-Barre syndrome, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, and vasculitis.
4) Inherited disorder
6) Bone Cancer
7) Other diseases
Complications of Peripheral Neuropathy
Complications of peripheral neuropathy can contain:
1) Burn and Skin trauma: You might not experience temperature changes or pain in numb areas of the body.
2) Infection: The feet and the other regions lacking sensation can become damaged without your knowledge. Monitor these areas daily and treat minor injuries before they become infected, particularly if you have diabetes.
3) Falls: Weakness and loss of sensation may be related to a lack of balance and falling.
Properly seek medical care if you watch unusual tingling, weakness, or pain in the hands or feet. Immediate diagnosis and treatment provide the best chance for managing the symptoms and preventing further injury to the peripheral nerves.
Diagnosis of Peripheral Neuropathy
Peripheral neuropathy has many potential causes. Besides a physical exam, which may include blood tests, diagnosis of Peripheral neuropathy generally needs:
1) Full medical history
2) Neurological test
3) Blood examine
4) Imaging test
5) Nerve function test
6) Nerve biopsy
7) Skin biopsy
Peripheral Neuropathy Treatment
Treatments of Peripheral neuropathy are to control the situation causing neuropathy and to free from symptoms. If the lab tests indicate no underlying condition, the doctor might suggest watchful waiting to see if the neuropathy develops.
Prevention of Peripheral Neuropathy
The best way for the prevention of peripheral neuropathy is to control medical situations that place you at risk, like diabetes, alcoholism, or rheumatoid arthritis.
1) Consume a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein
2) Do regular exercise
3) Avoid factors that trigger nerve damage