Study about Osteoporosis – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Osteoporosis makes bones to become weak and brittle — so brittle that a fall or even mild pressures like bending over or coughing can create a fracture. Osteoporosis-related fractures most commonly happen in the hip, wrist, or spine.
Bone is living tissue that is always being broken down and replaced. Osteoporosis happens when the creation of new bone doesn’t adjust with the loss of old bone.
Osteoporosis targets men and women of all ages. But white and Asian women — particularly older women who are past menopause — are at the highest risk. Medications, a healthy diet, and weight-bearing exercise can help to prevent bone loss or strengthen already weak bones.

What are the symptoms generally seen in Osteoporosis?

Typically there are no symptoms in the primary stages of bone loss. But once your bones have been weakening by osteoporosis, you might have signs and symptoms that include:

1) Back pain, made by a fractured or collapsed vertebra
2) Loss of height over time
3) A stooped posture
4) A bone that breaks much more quickly than expected

When you should go to a doctor?

You might want to consult to your doctor about osteoporosis if you went through previous menopause or took corticosteroids for long months at a time, or if either of your parents had hip fractures.

What are the Causes of Osteoporosis?

Your bones are in an always state of renewal — new bone is made, and old bone is broken down. When you’re young, your body creates new bone faster than it breaks down old bone and your bone mass produces. After the earlier 20s, this process slows, and most people stay their peak bone mass by age 30. As age increases, bone mass is lost faster than it’s made.
How likely you are to promote osteoporosis based partly on how much bone mass you gained in your youth. Peak bone mass is somewhat inherited and also differs by ethnic group. The higher your peak bone mass, the more bone you hold “in the bank” and the less likely you are to promote osteoporosis as age increases.

What are the risk factors associated with Osteoporosis?

Several factors can enhance the likelihood that you’ll promote osteoporosis — including your age, race, lifestyle choices, and medical conditions and treatments.

1) Unchangeable risks
a) Sex: 
Women are much more affected to promote osteoporosis than are men.
b) Age: The older you get, the higher your risk of osteoporosis.
c) Race: You’re at the highest risk of osteoporosis if you’re white or of Asian descent.
d) Family history: Having a parent or sibling with osteoporosis keeps you at higher risk, particularly if your mother or father fractured a hip.
e) Body frame size; Men and women who have small body structures tend to have a higher risk because they might have less bone mass to make from as they age.

2) Hormone levels
3) Dietary factors
4) Steroids and other medications
5) Medical conditions
6) Lifestyle choices

What are the complications that arise in Osteoporosis?

Bone fractures, especially in the spine or hip, are the most severe complications of osteoporosis. Hip fractures sometimes are created by a fall and can result in disability and even increased the risk of death within the first year after the injury.
In some cases, spinal fractures can happen even if you haven’t fallen. The bones that fulfill your spine (vertebrae) can weaken to the point of crumbling, which can produce in back pain, lost height, and a hunched forward posture.

How to prevent Osteoporosis in daily life?

Proper nutrition and regular exercise are necessary for keeping your bones healthy throughout life.
Some other things are given below which will help to be active and healthy

1) Protein Food
2) Maintain good body weight
3) Calcium intake
4) Vitamin D
5) Exercise

What is the diagnosis process of Osteoporosis?

Your bone density can be measured by a machine that uses low levels of X-rays to recognize the proportion of mineral in your bones. During this painless exam, you have to lie on a padded table as a scanner passes over your body. In most cases, only a few bones are examined — usually in the hip and spine.

What are the treatments for Osteoporosis?

Treatment suggestions are often depending on an estimate of your risk of breaking a bone in the next 10 years using information like the bone density test. If your risk isn’t high, treatment might not consist of medication and might concentrate instead on modifying risk factors for bone loss and falls.

1) Biophosphonates
2) Monoclonal antibody medications
3) Hormone-related therapy
4) Bone building medications

What should be your lifestyle and home remedies?

These recommendations might help to decrease your risk of promoting osteoporosis or breaking bones:
Don’t smoke: Smoking produces rates of bone loss and the chance of fracture.
Avoid excessive alcohol: Consuming more than two alcoholic drinks a day might reduce bone formation. Being under the influence of alcohol also can improve your risk of falling.
Prevent falls: Wear low-heeled shoes with non-slip soles and monitor your house for electrical cords, area rugs, and slippery surfaces that might make you fall. Keep rooms brightly lit, install grab bars just inside and outside your shower door, and ensure you can get into and out of your bed quickly.

Updated: January 17, 2020 — 12:23 pm

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