Information about Norovirus Infection – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Norovirus infection can make the sudden onset of serious vomiting and diarrhea problem. The Norovirus is highly contagious and popularly expands through food or water that is contaminated during preparation or contaminated surfaces. You can also be affected by Norovirus infection through close contact with an affected person. Diarrhea problems, abdominal pain, and vomiting usually start 12 to 48 hours after exposure. Norovirus symptoms continue one to three days, and most people recover completely without treatment of Norovirus infection. However, for some people, particularly infants, older adults, and people with underlying disease, vomiting, and diarrhea can be seriously dehydrating and need medical attention. Norovirus infection happens most frequently in closed and crowded environments like hospitals, nursing homes, child care centers, schools, and cruise ships.

Symptoms of Norovirus Infection

Signs and symptoms of norovirus infection contain:

1) Nausea
2) Vomiting
3) Abdominal pain or cramps
4) Watery or loose diarrhea
5) Malaise
6) Low-grade fever
7) Muscle pain

Signs and symptoms of Norovirus infection generally start 12 to 48 hours after the first exposure to the virus and continue one to three days. You may continue to shed virus in the feces for up to two weeks after revival. Viral shedding may continue many weeks to many months if you have an underlying health situation.
Some people may show no signs or symptoms of Norovirus infection. However, they are still contagious and can expand the virus to others.

Norovirus Infection Causes

Norovirus causes are highly contagious and are shed in the feces of affected humans and animals. Methods of transmission contain:

1) Consuming contaminated food
2) Drinking contaminated water
3) Touching the hand to the mouth after the side has been in contact with a contaminated surface or object
4) Being in close contact with a person who has a norovirus infection

Norovirus causes are tough to wipe out because they can withstand hot and cold temperatures as well as most disinfectants.

Complications of Norovirus Infection

For most people, norovirus infection complications clear up within some days and is not fatal. But in some people, particularly children and older adults with compromised immune systems in hospitals or nursing homes, norovirus infection complications can make serious dehydration, malnutrition, and even death. Warning signs of dehydration contain:

1) Fatigue handling
2) Dry mouth and throat
3) Listlessness
4) Dizziness Disease
5) Reduced urine output

Dehydrated children may cry with few or no tears. They may also be unusually sleepy or fussy.

Norovirus Infection Diagnosis

The diagnosis of Norovirus infection generally depends on the symptoms. But norovirus can be identified by testing a stool sample. If you are immunocompromised or have other health complications, the doctor may suggest a stool test to ensure the presence of norovirus diagnosis.

Treatments of Norovirus Infection

There is no particular treatment of Norovirus infection for norovirus infection, and revive usually based on the health of the immune system. In most people, the sickness generally resolves within a few days.
It is significant to substitute lost fluids. If you are unable to drink sufficient fluids to prevent dehydration problems, you may require to get fluids intravenously for the treatments of Norovirus infection. The doctor also may suggest over-the-counter anti-diarrheal medicine if you are under the age of 65.

Prevention of Norovirus Infection

Norovirus infection is highly contagious, and anyone can become infected more than once. To help the prevention of Norovirus infection its spread:

1) Clean your hands
2) Avoid contaminated water and food
3) Clean fruits and vegetables before eating
4) Cook seafood
5) Avoid traveling

Updated: January 2, 2020 — 2:41 pm

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