All Information about Meningitis Disease – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes around the brain and spinal cord. The swelling from meningitis typically stimulates symptoms like headache, fever, and a stiff neck. Most cases of meningitis in the United States are created by a viral infection, but bacterial, parasitic, and fungal infections are other causes of meningitis. Some examples of meningitis develop without treatment in a few weeks. Others can be fatal and need emergency antibiotic treatment of meningitis. Seek immediate medical care if you predict that someone has meningitis. Early treatment of bacterial meningitis can prevent severe problems.

Symptoms of Meningitis Disease

Previous meningitis symptoms may mimic the flu influenza. Symptoms may promote over many hours or over a few days. Possible signs and symptoms of meningitis in anyone older than the age of two includes:

1) Sudden high fever
2) Stiff neck
3) Severe headache that seems different than normal
4) Headache with nausea or vomiting
5) Confusion or difficulty concentrating
6) Seizures
7) Sleepiness or difficulty waking
8) Sensitivity to light
9) No appetite or thirst
10) Skin rash
These are the symptoms of meningitis disease.

Meningitis Causes

Viral infections are the most common causes of meningitis, followed by bacterial infections and, occasionally, fungal infections. Because bacterial infections can be fatal, identifying the cause of meningitis is essential.

1) Bacterial meningitis
2) Viral meningitis
3) Chronic meningitis
4) Fungal meningitis

Complications of Meningitis Disease

Meningitis complications can be serious. The longer you or the child has the disease without treatment, the higher the chance of seizures and permanent neurological injury, contain:

1) Hearing loss
2) Memory complexity
3) Learning disabilities
4) Brain damage
5) Gait complication
6) Seizures
7) Kidney failure
8) Shock
9) Death
With prompt treatment, even patients with serious meningitis complications can have good revival.

Risk Factors of Meningitis Disease

Risk factors of meningitis disease consist:

1) Skipping vaccinations: Risk rises for anyone who has not completed the suggested childhood or adult vaccination routine.
2) Age: Most cases of viral meningitis happen in children younger than age five. Bacterial meningitis is prevalent in those under age twenty.
3) Living in a community setting: College students living in dormitories, personnel on military bases, and children in boarding schools and child care facilities are at a higher chance of meningococcal meningitis. This is probably because the bacterium is expanded by the respiratory route, and proliferates through large groups.
4) Pregnancy: Pregnancy develops the chance of listeriosis, an infection caused by listeria bacteria, which may also make meningitis. Listeriosis progresses the likelihood of miscarriage, stillbirth, and premature delivery.
5) Compromised immune system: AIDS disease, alcoholism, diabetes disorder, use of immunosuppressant medicines, and other factors that affect the immune system also make you more susceptible to meningitis. Having your spleen removed also develops the risk, and anyone without anger should get vaccinated to reduce that risk.

Diagnosis of Meningitis Disease

The family doctor or pediatrician can the diagnosis of meningitis depends on medical history, a physical exam, and specific diagnostic tests. During the exam, the doctor may identify for signs of infection around the head, ears, throat, and the skin along the spine. You or the child may undergo the following diagnosis of meningitis:

1) Blood cultures
2) Imaging test
3) lumbar puncture

Meningitis Treatment

The treatment of meningitis based on the type of meningitis you or the child has

1) Bacterial meningitis
2) Viral meningitis
3) Other types of meningitis

Prevention of Meningitis Disease

Common bacteria or viruses that can create meningitis can expand through coughing, sneezing, kissing, or sharing eating utensils, a toothbrush, or a cigarette. These steps can help in the prevention of meningitis:

1) Clean your hands
2) Maintain good hygiene
3) Stay healthy
4) Cover the mouth

Updated: January 22, 2020 — 4:06 pm

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