Current Information about Lyme Disease – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Lyme disease is created by four main species of bacteria. Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii cause Lyme disease in the United States, while Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii are the leading causes in Europe and Asia. The most widespread tick-borne illness in these areas, Lyme disease, is transferred by the bite of an infected black-legged tick, popularly called a deer tick. You are more likely to get Lyme disease if you live or spend time in grassy and heavily wooded areas where ticks carrying Lyme disease thrive. It is crucial to take common-sense precautions in tick-affected areas.

Symptoms of Lyme Disease

The signs and symptoms of Lyme disease differ. They generally come in stages, but the phases can overlap. However, these signs and symptoms of Lyme disease can happen within a month after you have been affected:
1) Rash
2) Joint Pain
3) A neurological problem like Meningitis disease
4) Heart problem
5) Eye inflammation
6) Hepatitis disease
7) Fatigue

Lyme Disease Causes

In the United States, Lyme disease caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii passed initially by black-legged or deer ticks. Young brown ticks sometimes are no bigger than a poppy seed, which can create them nearly not impossible to spot. To contract Lyme disease causes, an infected deer tick must bite you. The bacteria enter the skin through the bite and ultimately create their way into the blood flow.
In most cases, to transfer Lyme disease causes, a deer tick must be connected for 36 to 48 hours. If you search an attached tick that looks swollen, it may have fed long enough to transfer bacteria. Eliminating the tick as early as possible might prevent infection.

Complications of Lyme Disease

Untreated Lyme disease complications include:

1) Lyme arthritis particularly of the knee
2) Neurological symptoms, like facial palsy and neuropathy
3) Cognitive defects, like impaired memory
4) Heart rhythm abnormalities

Lyme Disease Diagnosis

Many signs and symptoms of Lyme disease are sometimes found in other situations, so the diagnosis of Lyme disease can be severe. What are more, ticks that transfer Lyme disease can also expand other diseases. If you do not have the characteristic Lyme disease rash, the doctor might question about the medical history, including whether you have been outdoors in the summer where Lyme disease is prevalent, and do a physical test. Lab tests to identify antibodies to the bacteria can help to ensure or figure out the diagnosis of Lyme disease. These exams are most reliable a few weeks after infection after the body has had time to grow antibodies. They contain:

1) ELISA test
2) Western blot test

Treatments of Lyme Disease

Antibiotics are used for the treatment of Lyme disease. In general, recovery will be quicker and more complete the sooner treatment of Lyme disease starts.

1) Oral antibiotics
2) Intravenous injection
3) Alternative medicines

Lyme Disease Prevention

The best way to prevent Lyme disease is to avoid areas where deer ticks live, mainly wooded, bushy areas with long grass. You can reduce the chance of getting Lyme disease with some simple precautions:

1) Use insect repellants
2) Checking your cloth, yourself, your children
3) Do not take otherwise or assume you are immune 
These are the prevention mechanism of Lyme Disease if you follow


Updated: December 31, 2019 — 1:38 pm

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