Liver cancer is cancer that starts in the cells of the liver. The liver is a football-sized organ that locates in the upper right portion of the abdomen, beneath the diaphragm and above the stomach.
Many types of cancer can form in the liver. The most prevalent type of liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma, which starts in the primary type of liver cell. Other types of liver cancer, like intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and hepatoblastoma, are much less prevalent. Cancer disease that expands to the liver is more popular than cancer that starts in the liver cells. Cancer that starts in another part of the body like the colon, lung, or breast and then expands to the liver is known as metastatic cancer rather than liver cancer. This type of cancer is named after the organ in which it began like metastatic colon cancer to explain cancer that starts in the colon and expands to the liver cancer.
Symptoms of Liver Cancer
Most people do not have signs and symptoms of liver cancer in the primary stages of early liver cancer. When signs and symptoms of liver cancer do come, they may contain:
1) Losing weight without trying
2) Loss of appetite
3) Upper abdominal pain
4) Nausea and vomiting
5) General weakness and fatigue
6) Abdominal swelling
7) jaundice or Hepatitis disease
8) White, chalky stools
Liver Cancer Causes
Liver cancer occurs when liver cells develop changes in their DNA. A cell’s DNA is the material that offers instructions for every chemical process in the body. DNA changes causes of liver cancer changes in these instructions. One result is that cells may start to increase out of control and ultimately form a tumor a mass of cancerous cells. Often the cause of liver cancer is known, like with chronic hepatitis infections. But usually, liver cancer occurs in people with no underlying diseases, and it is not clear what causes of liver cancer.
Diagnosis of Liver Cancer
Tests and procedures applied for the diagnosis of liver cancer include:
1) Blood test: Blood tests may disclose liver function abnormalities.
2) Imaging test: The doctor may suggest imaging tests, like an ultrasound, CT, and MRI
3) Eliminating a sample of liver tissue for testing: Often, it is necessary to remove a piece of liver tissue for laboratory testing to make a definitive diagnosis of liver cancer. During a liver biopsy, the doctor places a thin needle through the skin and into the liver to take a tissue sample. In the lab, doctors test the tissue under a microscope to look for cancer cells. Liver biopsy carries a chance of bleeding, bruising, and infection.
Liver Cancer Treatments
Treatments for early liver cancer based on the stage of the disease as well as the age, overall health, and personal choices.
1) Surgery to eliminate tumor
2) Liver transplant surgery
3) Localized treatments
4) Radiation Therapy
5) Drug Therapy
8) Supportive care