Details about Legionnaries Disease – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & Prevention

Legionnaires disease is a severe pneumonia form lung inflammation generally created by infection. It is made by a bacterium known as legionella. Most people receive Legionnaire’s disease by inhaling the bacteria from water or soil. Older adults, smokers, and people with inadequate immune systems are specifically susceptible to Legionnaire’s disease. The legionella bacterium also makes Pontiac fever, a nominal illness resembling the flu. Pontiac fever generally removes on its own, but untreated Legionnaires disease can be life-threatening. Although prompt treatment with antibiotics cures Legionnaire’s disease typically, some people continue to have complications after treatment.

Symptoms of Legionnaires disease

Legionnaires disease generally increases two to ten days after exposure to legionella bacteria. It rapidly starts with the following signs and symptoms of Legionnaires disease:

1) Headache
2) Muscle aches
3) Fever that may be 104 F (40 C) or higher
By the second or third day, you will promote other signs and symptoms of Legionnaires disease that can contain:

1) Cough, with mucus and often blood
2) Shortness of breath
3) Chest pain
4) Gastrointestinal symptoms, like nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
5) Confusion or other mental changes
Although Legionnaire’s disease initially targets the lungs, it occasionally can make infections in wounds and in other parts of the body, including the heart.
A simple form of Legionnaires disease called Pontiac fever can originate fever, chills, headache, and muscle aches. Pontiac fever does not affect your lungs, and symptoms of Legionnaires disease generally remove within two to five days.

Legionnaires Disease Caused by

The bacterium Legionella pneumophila is responsible for most cases of Legionnaires disease causes. Outdoors, legionella bacteria survive in soil and water, but rarely create infections. However, legionella bacteria can increase in water systems made by humans, like air conditioners.
Although it is possible to get the cause of Legionnaires disease from home plumbing, most outbreaks have happened in large buildings, perhaps because complex systems permit the bacteria to grow and expand more efficiently. Also, home and car air conditioning units do not apply water for cooling.

Complications of Legionnaires Disease

Complications of Legionnaires disease can lead to many life-threatening conditions, including:

1) Respiratory failure: This happens when the lungs can not offer the body with sufficient oxygen or can not release adequate carbon dioxide from the blood.
2) Septic shock: This occurs when a severe and sudden fall in blood pressure decreases blood flow to vital organs, specifically to the kidneys and brain. The heart tries to compensate by developing the volume of blood pumped, but the extra workload weakens the heart typically and decreases blood flow even further.
3) Acute kidney failure: This is the sudden loss of your kidneys’ potentiality to filter waste from your blood. When your kidneys fail to work, dangerous levels of fluid and waste accumulate in your body. When not treated quickly, Legionnaire’s disease can be a life killer. These are the main complications of Legionnaire’s disease.

Diagnosis of Legionnaires Disease

Legionnaire’s disease is similar to other types of pneumonia. Diagnosis of Legionnaires disease is to detect the presence of legionella bacteria rapidly, the doctor might apply a test that identifies your urine for legionella antigens foreign substances that target an immune system response. Other tests might consist of diagnosing of Legionnaires disease contain:

1) Blood and urine tests
2) Chest X-ray, which does not ensure Legionnaires disease but can show the extent of infection in your lungs
3) Examines on a sample of your sputum or lung tissue

Legionnaires Disease Treatment

Treatment of Legionnaire’s disease is with antibiotics. The sooner therapy is started, the less likely the chance of promoting severe problems. In many cases, the treatment of Legionnaires disease needs hospitalization. Pontiac fever goes away on its own without treatment and makes no lingering problems.

Prevention mechanism of Legionnaires Disease

Outbreaks of Legionnaire’s disease are preventable. Still, the prevention mechanism of Legionnaires disease needs water management systems in buildings that confirm that water is checked and cleaned routinely. To lower your personal risk, neglect smoking.


Updated: December 5, 2019 — 12:31 pm

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