Knowledge about Kidney Infection – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Kidney infection is a type of urinary tract infection (UTI) that usually starts in the urethra or bladder and visits to one or both of the kidneys. A kidney infection needs proper medical attention. If not treated properly, a kidney infection can permanently injure the kidneys, or the bacteria can expand to the blood flow and make a fatal infection. Kidney infection treatment, which generally includes antibiotics, might need hospitalization. Make an appointment with the doctor if you have worrisome symptoms of kidney infection. If you are being treated for a urinary tract infection, but the signs and symptoms are not developing, make an appointment. Acute kidney infection can lead to fatal complications. Seek instant medical attention if you have kidney infection symptoms combined with bloody urine or nausea and vomiting.

Symptoms of Kidney Infection

Signs and symptoms of a kidney infection might contain:

1) Fever
2) Chills
3) Back pain
4) Abdominal pain problem
5) Frequent urination
6) Strong, persistent urge to urinate
7) Burning sensation and pain when urinating
8) Nausea and vomiting
9) Blood in the urine
10) Urine that smells bad or is cloudy
These are the critical symptoms of kidney infection

Kidney Infection Causes

Bacteria that enter the urinary tract through the tube that passes urine from the body can multiply and visit the kidneys. This is the most prevalent cause of kidney infections. Bacteria from an infection elsewhere in the body also can expand through the blood flow to the kidneys. Although it is unusual to promote a kidney infection, it can occur, for example, if you have an artificial joint or heart valve that becomes infected. Occasionally, kidney infection causes after kidney surgery.

Complications of Kidney Infection

If left untreated, a kidney infection complication can lead to potentially severe, like

1) Kidney scarring: This can generate chronic kidney disease, high blood pressure, and kidney failure.
2) Blood poisoning: The kidneys filter waste from the blood and revive the filtered blood to the rest of the body. Having a kidney infection can make the bacteria to expand through the blood flow.
3) Pregnancy problems: Women who promote kidney infection during pregnancy may have an increased risk of delivering low birth weight babies.

Kidney Infection Diagnosis

To ensure that you have a kidney infection, you will likely be asked to offer a sample of urine to test for bacteria, blood, or pus in the urine for the diagnosis of kidney infection. The doctor might also take a blood sample for a culture, a lab test that monitors for bacteria or other organisms in the blood.
Other exams might include an ultrasound, CT scan, or a type of X-ray known as a voiding cystourethrogram. Avoiding cystourethrogram involves injecting a contrast dye to take X-rays of the bladder when full and while urinating. These are the diagnosis of kidney infection.

Treatment of Kidney Infection

1) Antibiotic for kidney infections
2) Hospitalization for serious kidney infections
3) Treatment for recurrent kidney infections

Prevention of Kidney Infection

Minimize the chance of kidney infection by taking steps for the prevention of kidney infections. Women, in particular, may minimize their risk of kidney infections if they:

1)  Drink fluids, especially water: Fluids can help to eliminate bacteria from the body when you urinate.
2) Urinate as soon as you need to: Avoid delaying urination when you experience the urge to urinate.
3) Empty the bladder after intercourse: Urinating as early as possible after sex helps to remove bacteria from the urethra, minimizing the chance of infection.
4) Wipe carefully: Wiping from front to back after urinating and after a stool, movement helps to prevent bacteria from spreading to the urethra.
5) Avoid using feminine products in the genital area: Using products like deodorant sprays in the genital area or douches can be irritating.
If you follow these issues and maintain all those, your daily life will help for the prevention of Kidney Infection.

Updated: December 28, 2019 — 5:04 pm

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