Ewing sarcoma is a rare type of cancer disease that happens in bones or in the soft tissue around the bones. Ewing sarcoma cancer most sometimes starts in the long bones of the pelvis, legs, or arms, but Ewing sarcoma can arise in any bone. Less rare, Ewing sarcoma begins in the soft tissues of the arms, legs, abdomen, or other parts of the body. Significant advancements in the treatment of Ewing sarcoma have importantly improved results. After completion of therapy, people require lifelong observing for potential late effects of intense chemotherapy and radiation. Ewing sarcoma is more prevalent in teenagers and young adults, but Ewing sarcoma can arise at any age.
Symptoms of Ewing Sarcoma
Signs and symptoms of Ewing sarcoma consist:
1) Pain, swelling or tenderness near the affected parts
2) Bone pain, which may worsen at night or with any physical activity
3) Not explained tiredness
4) Fever with unknown cause
5) Unintended weight loss
6) Broken bone with unknown cause
These are the prevalent symptoms of Ewing sarcoma disease
Ewing Sarcoma Causes
The cause of Ewing sarcoma is not known. Though Ewing sarcoma appears from certain types of cells, it does not come to be inherited.
Complications of Ewing Sarcoma
Ewing sarcoma complication can expand from where it began to other parts, making treatment and come back more complex. For instance, cancer can grow to other tissues, bone marrow, other bones, or to the lungs. Ewing sarcoma complications can also revive after treatment.
As with other types of serious cancer, rigorous chemotherapy and radiation for Ewing sarcoma can make substantial side effects, both in the short and long term. The health care team takes steps to treat and control these effects as best as possible. And it is significant for you to learn what to observe for and contact the team with any concerns.
Diagnosis of Ewing Sarcoma
Typically, signs and symptoms lead parents to seek attention for medical help for their children. Often Ewing sarcoma diagnosis is finally found when a child is brought in for treatment for what is thought to be a sprain or some other type of sports injury. Generally, an X-ray shows a suspicious part. Then the doctor suggests one or more additional imaging tests for the diagnosis of Ewing sarcoma, like:
1) Computerized tomography (CT)
2) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
3) Positron emission tomography (PET)
4) Bone scan
Treatments of Ewing Sarcoma
Over the years, significant advances have been made in treating and curing cases of Ewing sarcoma. Treatments of Ewing sarcoma may contain:
1) Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy, which uses medicines to destroy cancer cells, is the first line of treatment. Doctors suggest chemotherapy before surgery to shrink Ewing sarcoma tumors and create them more comfortable with eliminating.
2) Surgery: The aim of surgery is to remove the cancer cells, but surgeons also do operations to maintain function and reduce disability. Surgery for Ewing sarcoma may include eliminating a small part of the bone or omitting an entire limb. The possibility of saving the limb based on many factors, like the size of the tumor, location, and response to chemotherapy.
3) Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy applies high-energy beams, such as X-rays and protons, to destroy cancer cells. It may be applied after surgery to kill any cancer cells that remain. Radiation therapy can also be used instead of surgery if the sarcoma is positioned in a part of the body where surgery is impossible or would result in unacceptable functional results. Radiation therapy is also applied to relieve pain caused by Ewing sarcoma.
4) Clinical trials
Ewing Sarcoma Prevention Mechanism
Ewing sarcoma prevention can not be done. This type of cancer is not inherited, and there is an unknown connection to any lifestyle or environmental factors. Any signs or symptoms should be monitored as early as possible for the prevention of Ewing Sarcoma disease.