Dystonia is a movement sickness in which the muscles contract involuntarily, making repetitive or twisting movements. The situation can target one part of the body, two or more adjacent sections or all parts of the body. The muscle spasms can range from nominal to dangerous. They may be painful, and they can bother with the performance of day-to-day activities. There is no cure for dystonia. But medicines can develop symptoms. Surgery is often used to disable or regulate nerves or specific brain areas in people with acute dystonia. Previous signs of dystonia sometimes are nominal, occasional, and associated with a particular task. Consult the doctor if you are experiencing involuntary muscle contractions. Dystonia targets various people in different ways.
Symptoms of Dystonia
Dystonia targets various people in different ways. Muscle contractions might:
1) Start in a single region, like the leg, neck, or arm. Focal dystonia that starts after age 21 generally begins in the neck, arm, or face and tends to remain focal or segmental is the symptom of dystonia disease.
2) Happen during a particular action, like handwriting.
3) Worsen with stress, fatigue, or anxiety.
4) Become more noticeable over time.
These are the common symptoms of Dystonia disease. Areas of the body that can be affected include:
1) Neck: Contractions make the head to twist and turn to one side, or pull forward or backward, often creating pain.
2) Eyelids: Frequent blinking or involuntary spasms make the eyes to close and make it complicated for you to watch. Spasms generally are not painful but might accelerate when you are in bright light, under stress, or interacting with people. The eyes might experience dry.
3) Jaw or tongue: You might feel slurred speech, drooling, and problem in chewing or swallowing. Oromandibular dystonia can be painful and sometimes happens in combination with cervical dystonia.
4) Voicebox and vocal cords: You might have a tight or whispering voice.
Hand and forearm. Some types of dystonia happen only while you do a repetitive task, like writing or playing a particular musical instrument.
Dystonia Caused by
The exact cause of dystonia disease is not known. But it might include adverse nerve-cell communication in many areas of the brain. Some causes of dystonia are inherited. Dystonia also can be a symptom of another disease, involving:
1) Parkinson’s disease
2) Huntington’s disease
3) Cirrhosis disease
4) Traumatic brain injury
5) Birth injury
7) Brain tumor or particular sickness that promote in some people with cancer disease
8) Oxygen deprivation or carbon monoxide poisoning
9) Infections, like tuberculosis disease or encephalitis disorder
10) Alter effect to certain medicines or heavy metal poisoning
Based on the type of dystonia, complications of dystonia can involve:
1) Physical disabilities that hit the performance of regular tasks or certain activities
2) Difficulty with the vision that affects the eyelids
3) Difficulty with jaw movement, swallowing or speech
4) Pain and fatigue, due to the constant contraction of the muscles
5) Depression, anxiety and social withdrawal
These are the overall complications of dystonia disease
Diagnosis of Dystonia Disease
To diagnose dystonia, the doctor will begin with a medical history and physical test. To understand if underlying situations are creating the symptoms, the doctor might suggest:
1) Blood and Urine examine
2) MRI or CT Scan
3) Electromyography for dystonia diagnosis
Treatments of Dystonia Disease
To manage the muscle contractions, the doctor might suggest a combination of medications, therapy, or surgery for the treatment of dystonia disease.