Information about Dysphagia Disease – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) means it takes a long time and effort to carry food or liquid from the mouth to the stomach. Dysphagia may also be related to pain. In a few cases, swallowing may be impossible.
Occasional difficulty swallowing or dysphagia, which may happen when you consume too quick or do not chew the food well adequate, generally does not cause for concern. But persistent dysphagia may indicate a problematic medical situation that needs treatment. Dysphagia can happen at any age, but dysphagia is more prevalent in older adults. The causes of swallowing complications differ, and treatment based on the purpose.

Dysphagia Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of dysphagia related to dysphagia may contain:

1) pain while swallowing
2) unable to swallow
3) Drooling
4) Being hoarse
5) Bringing food back up
6) Rapid heartburn
7) food or stomach acid back up into the throat
8) Unexpected losing weight
9) Cough when swallowing
These are the dysphagia disease symptoms

Dysphagia Caused by

Swallowing is painful, and many situations can bother with this procedure. A few of the dysphagia causes can not be specified. However, dysphagia usually falls into one of the following categories given below

Esophageal dysphagia

1) Diffuse spasm
2) Esophageal stricture
3) Esophageal tumors
4) Foreign bodies
5) Esophageal ring
6) GERD
7) Scleroderma disease
8) Radiation Therapy

Oropharyngeal dysphagia

1) Neurological disorders: Certain diseases like multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, and Parkinson’s disease can cause dysphagia.
2) Neurological Injury
3) Cancer disease

Dysphagia Complications

Dysphagia complications can generate to:

1) Malnutrition, weight loss, and dehydration problem  Dysphagia can create it complicated to take sufficient nourishment and fluids.
2) Aspiration pneumonia disease: Food or liquid going the airway when you try to swallow can create aspiration pneumonia disease because the food can introduce bacteria to the lungs.
3) Choking: When food gets a block in the throat, choking can arise. If food fully chunks the airway, and no one intervenes with a successful Heimlich maneuver, death can happen.

Diagnosis of Dysphagia

The doctor will likely do a physical test and may apply a variety of examines to understand the diagnosis of the swallowing problem or dysphagia disease. Test may contain

1) Barium X-ray
2) Dynamic Swallowing study
3) Endoscopy
4) Manometry
5) Imaging scan

Dysphagia Treatments

Treatment of dysphagia based on the type or make of the swallowing disease.

1) Regular exercise
2) Esophageal dilation
3) Surgery
4) Medicines
5) Special liquid diet
6) Feeding tube
7) Surgery
8) Stent placement

Doctor Consultation

Consult the doctor if you daily have complexity swallowing or if weight loss, regurgitation, or vomiting accompanies the dysphagia disease. If a block bothers with breathing, call for emergency help as early as possible. If you are unable to swallow because you experience that the food is blocked in the throat or chest, go to the nearest emergency department.

Risk Factors of Dysphagia

The following are risk factors of dysphagia disease:

1) Aging: Due to natural aging and normal wear and tear on the esophagus and a higher risk of specific conditions, like stroke or Parkinson’s disease, older adults are at greater risk of swallowing problems. But, dysphagia is not considered a standard mark of aging.
2) Specific health conditions: People with certain neurological or nervous system illnesses are more likely to feel difficulty in swallowing.

Dysphagia Prevention

Although swallowing problems or dysphagia is not preventable, you can decrease the chance of occasional complexity swallowing by consuming slowly and chewing the food well. Previous detection and effective treatment of GERD can down the opportunity of promoting dysphagia related to esophageal stricture. These are the prevention strategies of dysphagia disease.

Updated: December 24, 2019 — 1:20 pm

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