Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that can happen if you are suffering from diabetes. High sugar (glucose) levels can affect nerves throughout your body. Diabetic neuropathy most often injures nerves in your legs and feet.
Depending on the damaged nerves, symptoms of diabetic neuropathy can range from pain and numbness in your legs and feet to problems with your digestive system, urinary tract, blood vessels, and heart. Some people have minimal symptoms. But for others, diabetic neuropathy can be quite painful and disabling.
Diabetic neuropathy is a frequent and severe problem of diabetes. But you can sometimes prevent diabetic neuropathy or slow down its progress with rigid blood sugar control and a healthy lifestyle.
What are the symptoms of Diabetic Neuropathy?
There are four main types of diabetic neuropathy. You can have either one or more than one type of neuropathy. Your symptoms will depend on the type you are suffering now and which nerves are injured. Generally, symptoms increase slowly. You will not observe anything wrong until a significant nerve injury has made.
1) Peripheral neuropathy
2) Autonomic neuropathy
3) Radiculopexus neuropathy
When should you go to the doctor?
You should go to the doctor if you have been suffering
1) A cut or sore on your feet that have already affected and would not heal
2) Burning, tingling, weakness or pain in your hands or feet that disturbs with regular activities or sleep
3) If you notice any changes in urination, sexual function, and digestive process
These signs and symptoms don’t always indicate that you have nerve injury. But they can be a sign of another situation that needs medical care. Primary diagnosis and treatment of any health problem give you the best chance to control your diabetes and prevent future problems.
What are the causes of Diabetic Neuropathy?
The just cause likely varies for each type of neuropathy. Researchers think that over time, uncontrolled high blood sugar injures nerves and disturbs their ability to forward signals, leading to diabetic neuropathy. High blood sugar also weakens the walls of the small blood vessels (capillaries) that provide the nerves with oxygen and essential nutrients. A combination of factors lead to nerve injury include
1) Inflammation in the nerves produced by an autoimmune response. The immune system mistakes nerves as an outsider and attacks them.
2) Genetic factors that are not related to diabetes may make some people more likely to promote nerve injury.
3) Smoking and alcohol abuse injure both nerves and blood vessels and, importantly, increase the risk of infection.
What are the risk factors of Diabetic Neuropathy?
The risk factors of diabetic neuropathy are discussed below
1) Poor blood sugar control:Â Uncontrolled blood sugar keeps you at risk of every diabetes problem, including nerve injury.
2) Diabetes history:Â Your risk of diabetic neuropathy increases the longer you are suffering diabetes, mainly if your blood sugar isn’t well-controlled.
3) Kidney disease:Â Diabetes can damage the kidneys. Kidney damage forwards toxins into the blood, which can lead to nerve injury.
4) Being overweight:Â Having a body mass index (BMI) greater than 24 might produce your risk of diabetic neuropathy.
5) Smoking:Â Smoking narrows and tightens your arteries, reducing the flow of blood to your legs and feet. This makes it more difficult for wounds to heal and injuries the peripheral nerves.
What are the complications generally seen for Diabetic Neuropathy?
1) Loss of a toe, foot or leg
2) Joint damage
3) Urinary tract infections and urinary incontinence
4) Hypoglycemia unawareness
5) Sharp drops in blood pressure
6) Digestive problems
7) Sexual dysfunction
8) Increased or decreased sweating
How can we prevent Diabetic Neuropathy?
You can prevent diabetic neuropathy in a various way
1) Blood sugar control:Â Use a blood sugar monitor at your home to monitor your blood sugar level and ensure it consistently keeps within the desirable range. It’s essential to do this on schedule. Shifts in blood sugar levels can stimulate the nerve injury.
2) Foot care:Â Follow your doctor’s advice for proper foot care. Foot problems, including sores that can not do heal, ulcers, and even amputation, are common problems of diabetic neuropathy. But you can prevent many of these complications by having a constructive foot exam at least once a year, having your doctor observe your feet at each office visit, and taking good care of your feet at home.
To protect the foot health, you can do the following for your feet
1) Check your feet every day
2) Keep your feet clean and dry
3) Trim your toenails carefully
4) Wear fresh, bare shocks
5) Wear well-fitted shoes