Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) arises when a blood clot forms in one or more of the deep veins in the body, generally in the legs. Deep vein thrombosis can create leg pain or swelling, but also can happen with no symptoms. Deep vein thrombosis can promote if you have a specific medical situation that triggers how the blood clots. It can also occur if you do not shift for a long time, like after surgery or an accident, or when you are restricted to bed. Deep vein thrombosis can be very dangerous because blood clots in the veins can separate loose, visit through the blood flow, and lodge in the lungs, blocking bloodstream.
Symptoms of Deep Vein Thrombosis
Deep vein thrombosis symptoms can contain:
1) Swelling in the affected leg. Often, there is swelling in both legs.
2) Pain in the leg. The pain sometimes begins in the calf and can experience such as cramping or soreness.
3) Red or discolored skin on the leg.
4) A feeling of warmth in the affected leg.
5) Symptoms of Deep vein thrombosis can come without any indication.
Deep Vein Thrombosis Caused by
The blood clots of deep vein thrombosis caused by anything that protects the blood from circulating or usually clottings, like damage to a vein, surgery, specific medicines, and limited movement.
Complications of Deep Vein Thrombosis
A severe complication related to deep vein thrombosis is a pulmonary embolism. A pulmonary embolism can be fatal. It is significant to observe for signs and symptoms of a pulmonary embolism and seek medical attention if they happen. Complications of a pulmonary embolism contain:
1) Breathing trouble
2) Chest pain
3) Feeling lightheaded or dizzy
4) Frequent pulse
5) Coughing with blood
A prevalent complication of deep vein thrombosis that can happen after deep vein thrombosis is known as a postphlebitic syndrome, also known as post-thrombotic syndrome. Injury to the veins from the blood clot decreases blood flow in the targeted areas, which can cause:
1) Persistent swelling of the legs
2) Leg pain
3) Skin discoloration
4) Skin sores
Diagnosis of Deep Vein Thrombosis
For the clinical diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis, the doctor will question about the symptoms. You will also have a physical exam so that the doctor can monitor for sections of swelling, tenderness, or discoloration on the skin for the diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis. Based on how likely you are to have a blood clot, the doctor might recommend examines, containing:
2) Blood Test
4) CT or MRI scan
Deep Vein Thrombosis Treatment
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) treatment is focused on preventing the clot from receiving bigger and protecting it from breaking loose and creating a pulmonary embolism. Then the goal becomes decreasing the chances of deep vein thrombosis occurring again. Deep vein thrombosis treatment choices contain:
1) Blood thinner
2) Clot busters
4) Compression stockings
Prevention of Deep Vein Thrombosis
Measures to prevent deep vein thrombosis include:
1) Avoid sitting still: If you have had surgery or have been on bed rest for other causes, try to take moving as early as possible. If you are sitting for a while, do not cross the legs, which can disturb blood flow. If you are visiting a long distance by car, pause every hour and walk around. If you are on a plane, stand, or walk occasionally. If you can not do that, do exercise for the lower legs. Try upwards and down the heels while staying the toes on the floor, then up the toes with the heels are on the floor. This is the crucial point you should follow to prevent deep vein thrombosis.
2) Make lifestyle changes: Lose weight, and quit smoking.
3) Exercise: Daily exercise lowers the chance of blood clots, which is individually significant for people who sit a lot or visit rapidly.
These three processes are the prevention of deep vein thrombosis.