Colon cancer is a type of cancer disease that starts in the large intestine (colon). The colon is the final section of the digestive tract. Colon cancer typically targets older adults, though it can occur at any age. It generally starts as small, noncancerous (benign) clumps of cells known as polyps that form on the inside of the colon. Time to time, a few of these polyps can become colon cancers. Polyps may be small and produce few if any, symptoms.
For this reason, doctors suggest daily screening tests to assist in preventing colon cancer by determining and eliminating polyps before they form cancer. If colon cancer promotes, many treatments are available to help control it, including surgery, radiation therapy, and drug treatments, like chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. Colon cancer is often known as colorectal cancer, which is a term that accumulates colon cancer and rectal cancer, which starts in the rectum.
Symptoms of Colon Cancer
Signs and symptoms of colon cancer contain:
1) A persistent change in the bowel movement, including diarrhea or constipation problem or a difference in the consistency of the stool
2) Rectal bleeding or blood in the stool
3) Persistent abdominal discomforts, like cramps, gas or pain
4) A feeling that the bowel does not empty completely
5) Weakness or fatigue
6) Unexplained weight loss
Many people having colon cancer feel no symptoms of colon cancer in the primary stages of the disease. When symptoms of colon cancer come, they will likely differ based on cancer’s size and location in the large intestine.
Colon Cancer Caused by
Doctors are not specific about caused by colon cancers.
In general, colon cancer caused by starts when healthy cells in the colon start changes (mutations) in their DNA. A cell’s DNA consists of a set of instructions that instruct a cell what to do.
Healthy cells develop and separate in an orderly manner to stay the body functioning normally. But when a cell’s DNA is damaged and becomes cancerous, cells continue to separate even when new cells are not necessary. As the cells accumulate, they turn into a tumor and ultimately cause Colon cancer.
With time, the cancer cells can develop to invade and kill healthy tissue nearby. And cancerous cells can visit other sections of the body to form deposits there.
Diagnosis of Colon Cancer
1) Screening for Colon cancer
2) Diagnosing Colon cancer
If the signs and symptoms indicate that you could have colon cancer, the doctor may suggest one or more examines and process, including:
b) Blood test
Determining the extent of the cancer
If you have been diagnosed with colon cancer, the doctor may suggest examines to determine the stage of cancer. Staging helps identify what treatments are most applicable to you.
Staging tests may include imaging processes like abdominal, pelvic, and chest CT scans. In many cases, the stage of cancer may not be fully understood until after colon cancer surgery.
The stages of colon cancer are indicated by Roman numerals that range from 0 to IV, with the lowest steps referring to cancer that is limited to the lining of the inside of the colon. By stage IV, the cancer is treated advanced and has expanded to other parts of the body.
Colon Cancer Treatment
Which treatments of colon cancer are most likely to assist you based on the specific condition, including the position of cancer, its stage, and other health conditions. Treatment for colon cancer generally contains surgery to eliminate cancer. Other treatments of colon cancer like radiation therapy and chemotherapy, might also be suggested.
1) Surgery for Primary stage colon cancer
2) Advanced stage colon cancer surgery
4) Radiation Therapy
5) Targeted Drug Therapy
7) Supportive care
Prevention of Colon Cancer
1) Screening of Colon Cancer
2) Consume varieties of fruits, vegetables, and whole-grain are the good prevention of colon cancer
3) Drink alcohol at a moderate level if a habit
4) Stop smoking
5) Exercise in most of the week is significant prevention of colon cancer
6) Maintain a healthy weight
7) Colon cancer prevention with a significant risk