Information about Cervical Cancer – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer disease that happens in the cells of the cervix under part of the uterus that links to the vagina. Several strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, play a role in creating most cervical cancer. When exposed to HPV, the immune system of the body typically protects the virus from doing harm. In a small percentage of people, however, the virus survives for years, producing the procedure that causes some cervical cells to become cervical cancer. You can decrease the risk of promoting cervical cancer by having screening tests and getting a vaccine that protects against HPV infection.

Types of Cervical Cancer

The type of cervical cancer that you have helps to identify the prognosis and treatment. The main types of cervical cancer are:
1) Squamous cell carcinoma
2) Adenocarcinoma

Often, both types of cells are included in cervical cancer. Sometimes, cancer happens in other cells in the cervix.

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

Primary-stage cervical cancer usually produces no signs or symptoms of cervical cancer. Signs and symptoms of more-advanced cervical cancer include:

1) Vaginal bleeding after intercourse, between periods or after menopause
2) Watery, bloody vaginal discharge that may be heavy and have a foul odor
3) Pelvic pain or intercourse pain

Cervical Cancer Causes

Cervical cancer causes when healthy cells in the cervix promote mutations in their DNA. A cell’s DNA consists of the instructions that say a cell what to be done.
Healthy cells develop and multiply at a set rate, ultimately dying at a set time. The mutations say the cells to promote and increase uncontrol, and they do not die. The accumulating abnormal cells create a tumor. Cervical Cancer causes invade nearby tissues and can break off from a tumor to expand elsewhere in the body.
It is not clear what cervical cancer causes, but, correctly, HPV plays a role. HPV is prevalent, and most people with the virus never promote cancer. This means other factors like the environment or your lifestyle preferences also identify if you will encourage cervical cancer.

Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer

Screening tests can assist in diagnosing cervical cancer and precancerous cells that may one day promote cervical cancer. Most guidelines recommend starting screening for cervical cancer and precancerous changes at age 21. Screening test includes:

1) Pap test
2) HPV DNA test
3) Punch biopsy
4) Endocervical curettage
5) Imaging test
6) Visual examination of the bladder and rectum

Cervical Cancer Treatment

Treatment of cervical cancer based on many factors, like the stage of cancer, other health complications you may have, and your choices. Surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, or a combination of the three may be applied.

1) Surgery
2) Radiation
3) Chemotherapy
4) Targeted Therapy
5) Immunotherapy
6) Supportive Care
These are the primary cervical cancer treatment.

Prevention of Cervical Cancer

To decrease the chance of cervical cancer:

1) Consult the doctor about the HPV vaccine: Getting a vaccine to prevent HPV infection may fall the prevention of cervical cancer and other HPV-related cancers. Consult the doctor if an HPV vaccine is right for you.
2) Have routine Pap tests: Pap tests can identify precancerous situations of the cervix, so they can be checked or treated to prevent cervical cancer. Most medical organizations recommend starting routine Pap tests at age 21 and repeating them every few years.
3) Practice safe sex: Decrease the chance of cervical cancer by taking measures to prevent sexually transmitted infections, like using a condom every time you have sex and limiting many sexual partners you have.
4) Do not smoke: If you do not smoke, do not begin. If you do smoke, consult the doctor about strategies to help you quit.


Updated: December 20, 2019 — 11:48 am

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