Bile Duct cancer is cancer that positions in the slender tubes (bile ducts) that produce the digestive fluid bile. Bile ducts link the liver to the gallbladder and to the small intestine. This situation also called bile duct cancer, is an unpopular form of cancer disease that happens mostly in people older than age 50, though it can happen at any age. Doctors separate bile duct cancer into various types depending on where cancer happens in the bile ducts: 1) Intrahepatic bile duct cancer happens in the parts of the bile ducts within the liver. It is often classified as a type of liver cancer.
2) Hilar bile duct cancer happens in the bile ducts just outside of the liver. This type is also known as perihilar cholangiocarcinoma.
3) Distal bile duct cancer happens in the portion of the bile duct nearest the small intestine. Bile Duct Cancer is a type of tumor that is very complex to treat.
Symptoms of Bile Duct Cancer
Signs and symptoms of Bile Duct Cancer consist:
1) Yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes (jaundice)
2) Intensely itchy skin
3) White-colored stools
5) Abdominal pain
6) Unintended weight loss
These are the common symptoms of Bile Duct cancer
Bile Duct Cancer Causes
Bile Duct Cancer causes when cells in the bile ducts promote changes in their DNA, the material that gives instructions for every chemical procedure in the body. DNA changes make changes in the instructions. One result is that cells may start to spread out of control and ultimately create a tumor, a mass of cancerous cells. It is not clear what makes the genetic changes that generate to cancer. It is the cause of Bile Duct Cancer.
Diagnosis of Bile Duct cancer
If the doctor suspects bile duct cancer, he or she may have undergone one or more of the following examines for the diagnosis of Bile Duct Cancer
1) Liver Function test
2) Tumor Marker test
3) A test to identify bile duct with a small camera
4) Imaging Test
5) A process to remove a sample of tissue for examining
If the doctor ensures a diagnosis of bile duct cancer, he or she tries to identify the stage of the disease. Sometimes this includes additional imaging tests. The scene of cancer helps to determine the prognosis and the diagnosis of bile duct cancer treatment choices.
Bile Duct Cancer Treatments
Treatments of bile duct cancer may consist:
1) Surgery: When possible, doctors try to omit as much of cancer as they can. For small bile duct cancers, this includes eliminating part of the bile duct and joining the cut ends. For more-advanced bile duct cancers, nearby liver tissue, pancreas tissue, or lymph nodes may be eliminated as well.
2) Liver transplant: Surgery to reduce the liver and substitute it with one from a donor (liver transplant) may be an option in specific cases for people with hilar bile duct cancer. For many, a liver transplant is a cure for hilar bile duct cancer, but there is a chance that cancer will come back after a liver transplant.
3) Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy applies drugs to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy may be administered before a liver transplant. It may also be a choice for people with advanced bile duct cancer to assist slow the disease and relieve signs and symptoms. This is the treatment of bile duct cancer.
4) Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy sources, like photons (x-rays) and protons, to injure or kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy can involve a machine that directs radiation beams at the body (external beam radiation). Or it can mean putting radioactive material inside the body near the site of cancer (brachytherapy).
5) Photodynamic therapy: In photodynamic treatment, a light-sensitive chemical is pushed into a vein and accumulates in the rapid-growing cancer cells. Laser light directed at cancer makes a chemical reaction in the cancer cells, destroying them. You will typically require multiple treatments of the bile duct cancer. Photodynamic therapy can help to relieve the signs and symptoms, and it may also reduce cancer growth. You will require to avoid sun exposure after treatments of bile duct cancer.
6) Biliary drainage: Biliary drainage is a process to restore the flow of bile. It can include bypass surgery to redirect the bile around cancer or stents to keep open a bile duct being collapsed by cancer. Biliary drainage helps relieve the signs and symptoms of bile duct cancer.
Because bile duct cancer treatment is a very sophisticated type of tumor to treat, do not hesitate to ask about the doctor’s experience with handling the situation. If you have any doubts, get a second option.