Behcet’s disease, also known as Behcet’s syndrome, is a rare disease that creates blood vessel inflammation throughout your body. Behcets disease can generate numerous signs and symptoms that can seem not related at first. Behcet’s disease can contain mouth sores, eye inflammation, skin rashes and lesions, and genital sores. Treatment includes medications to decrease the signs and symptoms of Behcet’s disease and to prevent severe problems, like blindness.
Behcets Disease Symptoms
Behcet’s disease symptoms differ from person to person, can appear and disappear or become less serious over time. Signs and symptoms of Behcet’s disease based on which parts of your body are affected.
Areas popularly affected by Behcet’s disease contain:
1) Mouth: Painful mouth sores that look the same as canker sores are the most prevalent symptom of Behcet’s disease. They start as raised, round lesions in the mouth that rapidly turn into painful ulcers. The wounds generally heal in one to three weeks, though they do recover.
2) Skin: Some people promote acne-like wounds on their bodies. Others support red, raised, and tender nodules on their skin, specifically on the lower legs.
3) Genitals: Red, open sores can arise on the scrotum or the vulva. The wounds are generally painful and can leave scars.
4) Eyes: Inflammation in the eye creates redness, pain, and blurred vision, typically in both eyes. In people with Behcet’s disease, the situation can appear and disappear.
5) Joints: Joint swelling and pain sometimes hit the knees in people with Behcet’s disease. The ankles, elbows, or wrists also might be related. Signs and symptoms of Behcet’s disease can last one to three weeks and far away on their own.
6) Blood vessels: Inflammation in veins and arteries can make redness, pain, and swelling in the arms or legs when a blood clot results. Inflammation in the large arteries can generate problems, like aneurysms and narrowing or blockage of the vessel.
7) Digestive system: A variety of signs and symptoms of Behcet’s disease can trigger the digestive system, including abdominal pain, diarrhea, and bleeding.
8) Brain: Inflammation in the brain and nervous system can cause headaches, fever, disorientation, poor balance, or stroke.
Causes of Behcet’s Disease
Behcet’s disease cause might be an autoimmune disorder, which means the immune system of the body mistakenly hits some of its own healthy cells. Genetic and environmental factors likely play a significant role. The causes of Behcet’s disease is considered to be due to inflammation of the blood vessels. The situation can involve arteries and veins of all sizes, damaging them throughout the body.
Many genes have been searched to be related to the disease. Some researchers believe a virus or bacterium can cause Behcet’s disease in people who have apparent genes that occur them susceptible to Behcet’s.
Behcet’s Disease Diagnosis
No tests can indicate whether you have Behcet’s disease, so the doctor will depend on initially on your signs and symptoms. Because nearly everyone with the situation promotes mouth sores, mouth sores that have recovered at least three times in 12 months are usually required for a diagnosis of Behcet’s disease.
Also, a diagnosis of Behcet’s disease needs at least two additional signs, like:
1) Recurring genital sores
2) Eye inflammation
3) Skin sores
Tests you might require include:
1) Blood tests or other lab tests might rule out different situations.
2) Pathergy test, in which the doctor places a sterile needle into your skin and tests the area one to two days later. If the test is positive, a small red bump forms under your skin where the needle was placed. This determines your immune system is overreacting to a minor injury. These are the procedures of the diagnosis of Behcet’s disease.
Treatment of Behcet’s Disease
There is no treatment of Behcet’s disease. If you have a simple form, the doctor might recommend medications to control the pain and inflammation of flares. You might not require a prescription between flashes.
For more-serious signs and symptoms, the doctor might prescribe medications for the treatment of Behcet’s disease throughout your body, in addition to drugs for flares.
Complications of Behcet’s Disease
Complications of Behcet’s disease based on your signs and symptoms. As an example, untreated uveitis can generate reduced vision or blindness. People with complications of Behcet’s disease require to consult an eye specialist frequently because treatment can help to prevent this complication of Behcet’s disease.