Bacterial vaginosis is a type of vaginal inflammation created by the overgrowth of bacteria typically found in the vagina, which disturbs the natural balance. Women in their reproductive years are most likely to receive bacterial vaginosis, but bacterial vaginosis can influence women of any age. The reason for bacterial vaginosis is not entirely understood, but particular activities, like unprotected sex or frequent douching, enhance the risk of bacterial vaginosis. Consult the doctor if you have many sex partners or a recent new partner. Often, the signs and symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection are similar to those of bacterial vaginosis.
Symptoms of Bacterial Vaginosis
Bacterial vaginosis symptoms may involve:
1) Thin, gray, white or green vaginal discharge
2) Foul-smelling “fishy” vaginal odor
3) Vaginal itching
4) Burning sensation during urination
Many women with bacterial vaginosis symptoms have shown these problems
Bacterial Vaginosis Causes
Bacterial vaginosis causesÂ an overgrowth of one of many bacteria typically found in the vagina. Usually, “good” bacteria outnumber “bad” bacteria. But if there are too many anaerobic bacteria, they disturb the natural balance of microorganisms in the vagina and cause bacterial vaginosis.
Complications of Bacterial Vaginosis
Bacterial vaginosis does not typically make complications. Often, having bacterial vaginosis complications may produce to:
1) Preterm birth:Â In pregnant women, bacterial vaginosis is connected to premature deliveries and low birth weight babies.
2) Sexually transmitted infections:Â Having bacterial vaginosis makes women more susceptible to sexually transmitted infections, like HIV/AIDS disease, genital herpes disease, chlamydia, or gonorrhea disease. If you have HIV, bacterial vaginosis accelerates the odds that you will pass the virus on to the partner.
3) Infection risk after gynecologic surgery:Â Having bacterial vaginosis may accelerate the chance of developing a post-surgical infection after procedures like hysterectomy or dilation and curettage.
4) Pelvic inflammatory disease:Â Bacterial vaginosis can often create PID, an infection of the uterus and the fallopian tubes that can enhance the chance of infertility.
Bacterial Vaginosis Diagnosis
For the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis, the doctor may do the following process given below
1) Discuss your medical history:Â The doctor may ask about any prior vaginal infections or sexually transmitted infections.
2) Do a pelvic test:Â During a pelvic examination, the doctor visually tests the vagina for signs of infection and places two fingers into the vagina while pressing on the abdomen with the other hand to identify the pelvic organs for signs that may indicate disease.
3) Take a sample of vaginal secretions:Â This may be done to determine for an overgrowth of anaerobic bacteria in the vaginal flora. The doctor may test the vaginal secretions under a microscope, looking for “clue cells,” vaginal cells covered with bacteria that are a mark of bacterial vaginosis.
4) Examine the vaginal pH:Â The doctor may identify the acidity of the vagina by inserting a pH test strip in the vagina. A vaginal pH of 4.5 or higher is a mark of bacterial vaginosis.
Treatment of Bacterial Vaginosis
For the treatment of bacterial vaginosis, the doctor may prescribe some medicines. It is usually not necessary to treat an affected woman’s male sexual partner, but bacterial vaginosis can expand between female sexual partners. Female partners should seek testing and may require treatment of bacterial vaginosis. It is particularly significant for pregnant women with symptoms to be treated to assist reduce the chance of premature delivery or low birth weight. Take medicine or apply the cream or gel for as long as the doctor prescribes it even if the symptoms disappear. Stopping treatment early may enhance the chance of recovery.
Prevention of Bacterial Vaginosis
To help for the prevention of bacterial vaginosis:
1) Reduce vaginal irritation: Apply mild, nondeodorant soaps, and unscented tampons or pads.
2) Do not douche: The vagina does not need cleansing other than regular bathing. Frequent douching disrupts the vaginal balance and may enhance the chance of vaginal infection. Douching would not clear up a vaginal infection.
3) Avoid a sexually transmitted infection: Use a male latex condom, confine the number of sex partners or abstain from intercourse to reduce the chance of a sexually transmitted infection.