Information about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder is a chronic condition that influences millions of children and sometimes continues into adulthood. ADHD includes a combination of persistent problems, like difficulty sustaining attention, hyperactivity, and impulsive behavior. Children with Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder may also survive with low self-esteem, troubled relationships, and poor performance in school. Symptoms of ADHD often lessen with age. However, some people never fully outgrow their Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms. But they can learn strategies to be successful. While treatment would not cure ADHD, it can assist a great deal with symptoms. Treatment of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder usually involves medicines and behavioral interventions. Early diagnosis and treatment of ADHD can make a big difference in the result.

Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

The original features of ADHD include inattention and hyperactive-impulsive behavior. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms begin before age twelve, and in some children, they are noticeable as early as three years of age. ADHD symptoms can be nominal, moderate, or severe, and they may continue into adulthood. ADHD happens more often in males than in females, and behaviors can be different in boys and girls. For example, boys may be more hyperactive, and girls may tend to be quietly inattentive.

Typical developmental behavior and ADHD

Most healthy children are inattentive, hyperactive, or impulsive at one time or another. It is usual for preschoolers to have short attention spans and not be able to stick with one activity for long. Even in older children and teenagers, attention span sometimes depends on the level of interest.
The same is true of hyperactivity. Young children are usually energetic; they sometimes are still full of energy long after they have worn their parents out. Also, some children just typically have a higher activity level than others do. Children should never be classified as having ADHD just because they are different from their friends or siblings.
Children who have problems in school but get along well at home or with friends are likely struggling with something other than ADHD. The same is true of children who are hyperactive or inattentive at home, but whose schoolwork and friendships remain not affected.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Causes

While the original cause of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is unclear, research efforts continue. Factors that may be included in the development of ADHD causes involve genetics, the environment, or problems with the central nervous system at key moments in evolution.

Complications of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

ADHD complications can make life complex for children. Children with complications of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder:

1) Sometimes struggle in the classroom, which can produce to academic failure and judgment by other children and adults
2) Tend to have more accidents and injuries of all types than do children who do not have ADHD problem
3) Tend to have weak self-esteem
4) Are more likely to have trouble interacting with and being accepted by peers and adults
5) Are at enhanced risk of alcohol and drug abuse and other delinquent behavior

Doctor Consultation

If you are aware that your child shows signs of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, consult the pediatrician or family doctor. The doctor may refer you to a specialist, like a developmental-behavioral pediatrician, psychologist, psychiatrist, or pediatric neurologist. Still, it is essential to have a medical evaluation first to identify for other possible reasons for the child’s difficulties.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Diagnosis

In general, a child should not get a diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder unless the core symptoms of ADHD begin early in life before age twelve and make significant problems at home and at school on an ongoing basis.

Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Standard treatments of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children involve medicines, behavior therapy, counseling, and education services. These ADHD treatments can relieve many of the symptoms of ADHD, but they do not cure it. It may take some time to understand what works best for your child.

1) Stimulant medicines
2) ADHD behavior therapy
3) Ongoing treatment

Prevention of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

To assist minimize the child’s risk of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder prevention:

1) During pregnancy, avoid anything that could harm fetal development. For example, do not consume alcohol, use recreational drugs, or smoke cigarettes.
2) Protect the child from exposure to pollutants and toxins, involving cigarette smoke and lead paint.
3) Limit screen time. Although still unproven, it may be prudent for children to avoid excessive exposure to TV and video games in the first five years of life.

Updated: January 25, 2020 — 11:10 am

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