Information about Arthritis Disease – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Arthritis is the swelling and tenderness of one or more of the joints. The significant symptoms of arthritis are joint pain and stiffness, which typically worsen with increasing age of arthritis. The most popular types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis creates cartilage the hard, slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones where they form a joint to break down. Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease in which the immune system attacks the joints, starting with the lining of joints. Uric acid crystals, which form when there is too much uric acid in the blood, can make gout. Infections or underlying disease, like psoriasis or lupus, can create other types of arthritis. Treatments of arthritis differ based on the type of arthritis. The main aims of arthritis treatments are to minimize symptoms and develop the quality of life.

Types of Arthritis

1) Ankylosing Spondylitis
2) Gout
3) Joint infections
4) Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
5) Osteoarthritis disease
6) Psoriatic arthritis disease
7) Reactive arthritis disease
8) Rheumatoid arthritis disease
9) Septic arthritis disease
10) Thumb arthritis disease

Arthritis Symptoms

The most popular signs and symptoms of arthritis involve the joints. Based on the type of arthritis you have, the signs and symptoms may contain:

1) Pain
2) Stiffness
3) Swelling
4) Redness
5) Decreased range of motion

Causes of Arthritis

The two major types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis injure joints in various ways. These two diseases are the leading cause of arthritis.

1) Osteoarthritis: The most popular type of arthritis, osteoarthritis, includes wear-and-tear damage to the joint’s cartilage the hard, slick coating on the ends of bones where they form a joint. Cartilage cushions the terms of the bones and permits nearly frictionless joint motion, but sufficient damage can result in bone grinding directly on bone, which makes pain and restricted movement. This wear and tear can happen over many years, or it can be hastened by a joint injury or infection. Osteoarthritis also influences the entire joint. It creates changes in the bones and deterioration of the connective tissues that attach muscle to bone and hold the joint together. It also makes inflammation of the joint lining.
2) Rheumatoid Arthritis: In rheumatoid arthritis, the immune system of the body attacks the lining of the joint capsule, a complex membrane that encloses all the joint parts. This lining becomes inflamed and swollen. The disease process can ultimately spoil cartilage and bone within the joint.

Arthritis Complications

Acute arthritis, mainly if it influences the hands or arms, can make it tough for you to do regular activities. Arthritis complications of weight-bearing joints can keep you from walking comfortably or sitting up straight. In a few cases, joints may become twisted and deformed.

Diagnosis of Arthritis

During the physical test, the doctor will identify the joints for swelling, redness, and warmth. He or she will also want to observe how well you can move the joints. Based on the type of arthritis suspected, the doctor may recommend some of the following exams for the diagnosis of arthritis.

1) Lab test: The analysis of different types of body fluids can assist in pinpoint the type of arthritis you may have. Fluids popularly analyzed include blood, urine, and joint fluid. To get a sample of the joint fluid, the doctor will cleanse and numb the area before placing a needle in the joint space to withdraw some fluid.
2) Imaging test: These types of tests can identify problems within the joint that may be creating the symptoms. Examples include:

a) X-ray
b) CT Scan
c) MRI
d) Ultrasound

Arthritis Treatment

Arthritis treatment aims at relieving symptoms and developing joint function. You may require to try many different treatments or combinations of treatments of arthritis before you understand what works best for you.

1) Medicines
2) Therapy
3) Surgery

Updated: January 30, 2020 — 10:55 am

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