Knowledge of Acne Disease – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & Prevention

Acne is a skin situation that arises when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. Acne sometimes makes whiteheads, blackheads or pimples, and generally comes on the face, forehead, chest, upper back, and shoulders. Acne is most popular among teenagers, though it targets people of all ages.
Fruitful treatments are available, but acne can be persistent. The pimples and bumps heal slowly, and when one starts to go away, others seem to crop up.
Based on its severity, acne can make emotional distress and scar the skin. The earlier you begin treatment, the lower your risk of such complications.

Symptoms of Acne

Acne symptoms differ based on the severity of your situation:

1) Whiteheads (closed plugged pores)
2) Blackheads (open plugged pores)
3) Small red, tender bumps (papules)
4) Pimples (pustules), which are papules with pus at their tips
5) Large, solid, painful lumps under the surface of the skin
6) Painful, pus-filled bumps under the surface of the skin

Acne Caused by

Four leading causes of acne:

1) Excess oil production
2) Hair follicles clogged by oil and dead skin cells
3) Bacteria
4) Excess activity of a type of hormone

The cause of Acne typically arises on your face, forehead, chest, upper back, and shoulders because these areas of skin have the most oil glands. Hair follicles are linked to oil glands.
The follicle wall may bulge and generate a whitehead. Or the plug may be open to the surface and darken, creating a blackhead. A blackhead may look like dirt stuck in pores. But actually, the orifice is jammed with bacteria and oil, which turns brown when it is exposed to the air.
Caused by Acne are raised red spots with a white center that promotes when blocked hair follicles become inflamed or affected with bacteria. Blockages and inflammation that help deep inside hair follicles generate cystlike lumps under the surface of your skin. Other pores in your skin, which are the openings of the sweat glands, are not generally involved in acne.

Treatment of Acne

If you have tried over the counter acne products for many weeks, and they have not helped, the doctor can suggest stronger medications. A dermatologist can help you:

1) Control your acne
2) Avoid scarring or other injuries to your skin
3) Make scars less noticeable
Acne treatment acts by decreasing oil production, speeding up skin cell turnover, fighting bacterial infection, or decreasing inflammation, which helps to protect scarring. With most prescription acne drugs, you may not observe results for four to eight weeks, and your skin may get worse before it gets better. It can take many months or years for your acne to remove altogether.
The treatment of Acne your doctor’s advice depends on your age, the type and severity of your acne, and what you are willing to commit to. For example, you may require to clean and use medicines to the infected skin twice a day for many weeks. Sometimes topical medications and drugs you consume by mouth are used in combination. Pregnant women will not be able to apply oral prescription medications for acne.
Consult with a doctor about the risks and benefits of medications and other treatments of Acne you are considering.


Updated: December 4, 2019 — 5:38 pm

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